BLOG: Aviation World

There is no doubt that travel makes you feel freer than anything else in the world, whether you are traveling for work, for a vacation with your family, or for relaxing alone. It makes you happier and provides you with many experiences and adventures that you cannot forget, in addition to breaking your daily routine. However, long-haul flights can make you feel very exhausted, especially if your trip has more than one leg. There are some tips that you should follow to avoid feeling tired during long trips.   1- Wear comfortable clothes  When it comes to long-distance travel, you are going to spend a long time on the plane. You do not need to burden your body with multiple layers of clothing or choose tight clothes that stick to your body and cause you to feel moisture or physical pain due to the pressure of the clothes on the outer layers of the skin.   Choose loose cotton clothes and comfortable sportswear, as well as comfortable shoes that you can easily slip off on board to stretch your feet.   2- Wear compression socks Since long trips restrict the traveler’s movement, this may lead to leg swelling. Therefore, compression socks are recommended for long-haul flights, as it helps reduce leg swelling by keeping blood moving.   3- Sleep to overcome fatigue  If you are one of those people who cannot sleep on the plane, then this will be your first problem during the long-haul flights , you have to get a rest during your long journey.   First, avoid drinking coffee and soft drinks before traveling. Be sure to take soothing drinks while onboard to help you relax and sleep. Second, invest in a sleep mask, neck pillow, and earplugs. Then relax on your seat and prepare for deep sleep.   4- Stay hydrated Health experts usually recommend drinking plenty of water, more than you usually do, seeing as air travel is incredibly dehydrating. Continue drinking throughout the flight; don't wait until you're thirsty to ask the flight attendant for some water.   5- Take advantage of your time If you are going to spend a long time on the plane, you should take advantage of this experience in useful ways rather than focus on feeling bored and tired due to the long trip, or follow the movement of the plane and your sense of tension and anxiety, bring enough books, magazines, games, and movies to keep yourself busy.   If you are traveling to a country which language you do not speak, you can spend your time on the plane trying to learn some greetings and ask for help through an introductory book in this language, or through a smartphone app that works without the need to connect to the internet. You can also plan to do some activities at your destination.   6-  Something to read A good book will help you pass some time and not be bored.   7-  Do simple exercises We do not mean running, but you can do some exercises while sitting in your seat. You may feel that you have nowhere to move, but you will be surprised that even small, frequent movements are beneficial as they improve blood circulation, stretching muscles, and joints.   You can also get out of your seat and walk around the cabin, as well as stretching exercises that help relieve tense muscles on a long journey. Repeat the exercises regularly, if possible every 30 minutes.   Things you should never do on a flight There are some things that you should avoid during your trip, and not all of them relate to seat belts. These are 5 behaviors that should be avoided especially on long-haul flights:   1-  Not paying attention to the emergency procedures   Even if you have heard these alerts hundreds of times before and they seem boring to you, never miss hearing these alerts because it can save your life. At least take a few seconds to know the emergency exit, don’t ignore the request to turn off electronic devices, and also wear a seat belt.    2- Using the call button during inappropriate times   Never abuse this button, just use it if you feel sick or thirsty. If there is no emergency, do not use the flight attendant call button when the seatbelt sign is on.   3- Eating food after it falls on your tray table   Although the crew is committed to cleaning and wipe down the tray tables on the plane after each flight, you will find the highest levels of bacteria on these tables. So don't eat the food after it falls on your tray table.   4- Walking around barefoot   Sure, it's nice to feel comfortable on a flight, especially when you're on a long trip, but that doesn't mean you have to walk barefoot because the floor can be dirty. Likewise, if you want to rest your feet, do not place them in the back of the passenger seat in front of you, because that completely annoys them, and you should also guard against pushing your seat back more than needed because this restricts the freedom of the passenger sitting behind you.   5- Trying out a new medicine   Do not take medicine for the first time on a plane because you may discover that you are allergic to one of the active ingredients in this medication which causes a crisis, so try it at home first.   Ways to prevent Pilot fatigue on long-haul flights The problem of pilots' fatigue during flights is a common problem and therefore pilots need to be well-rested to be able to focus on their steps. Being rested is one of the most important things you can do as a pilot to ensure a safe flight.   However, changing schedules, time zone changes, and other factors can negatively affect the body and lead to fatigue. That is why prevention is the best way to combat pilot fatigue.   Here are some ways to avoid fatigue while driving on long trips:   1. The right food   Food is energy. So you should make sure that you eat the right food and at the right time to prevent fatigue. Avoid processed and sugary foods. Focus on eating healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, and nuts.   2- Drink plenty of water   Dehydration is one of the biggest problems a pilot can face. So, be sure you drink plenty of water.   3- Do not drink too much caffeine   You have to be careful with the amount of caffeine you are consuming because it leads to sleep deprivation. But do not depend on caffeinated drinks such as soda and energy drinks, because high sugar levels in these drinks will lead to health problems. You can drink tea, coffee, and dark chocolate in an appropriate quantity.   4- Take a nap   According to NASA, 26 minutes is all it takes to significantly improve performance and alertness. The pilots and the crew need to take a nap during long trips, and there are sleeping beds for the pilots located either behind the cockpit or over the cabins of the passengers.   Read More: These are the best low-cost airlines in the world Longest flight: The longest nonstop flights  

Are you thinking of joining the aviation field? Do you dream about becoming a pilot? How can this be achieved without knowing the aviation terms used all over the world! These are the Aviation terms used in landing and take-off, words and phrases exchanged between the pilot and the control tower, terms for the parts of the aircraft, and the components of the aircraft and the devices in it. Even if you are only interested in traveling and flying in the sky, you will benefit from learning these terms that you will be exposed to in any airport in the world, no matter where you travel or the language of the country you are traveling to. Everyone knows that airlines have their own language, and there are many terms that are used only to describe places or situations specific to aviation. Let's take a look to learn some of the aviation terms and their meanings. First, you should recognize the term "flying", it can be defined as no contact with the ground, with or without mobility, with or without landing gear.   The types of aviation: Leisure Flight Recreational aviation is intended for aviation enthusiasts and adventurers, as it is engagement in activities that are not economical or military. One of the most important types of recreational aviation is the use of gliders, which are pulled to a certain height by another aircraft, then dropped and the pilot controls it by using air currents moving between the terrain, so it is often practiced in mountainous areas. Non-mountainous areas require upward currents of air or thermals that create a small area of upward-moving air as a result of uneven heating of the earth's surface.    Tourism Aviation Can anyone use the plane for tourism? The answer is no, tourist flights require a tourist's flight license or approval for the organization conducting the flight to be allowed to use small planes for tours and low-altitude travel.   Crop Dusting Services Small aircraft or helicopters are used in this type of flight to carry out several activities, such as spraying crops with pesticide, fertilizer or weed killer, after equipping the aircraft with the required equipment.   Fire Fighting Services Another similar activity is the use of aircraft in disaster situations to transport water, firefighting, transporting rescuers and air ambulance, pilots are trained for service areas on different types of aircraft.   Commercial Aviation Used to carry cargo and people around the world via regular airlines, small businesses can transport small numbers of passengers, unlike large companies that have a fleet of large aircraft, modern and equipped with the best capabilities and amenities to transport thousands of passengers and tons of cargo.   Military Aviation The military paid attention to the importance of aviation in military operations, so they provided technical ideas for the development of aircraft, and military aircraft are classified according to their tasks, such as combat jets, attack aircraft, and transport.   Terms used at airports " Aviation terms " Many people depend on flying because it is easy and fast to travel from one region to another, some of the aviation terms frequently used in travel and airports include: Airport: A place where all aircraft, such as helicopters or passengers and cargo travel to and from. An airport is often located on the outskirts of the city. This is done to reduce the noise in the city. Domestic Airport:  This means the terminal or airport is only used for domestic flights in the same country. International Airport:  This means the terminal or airport is designated for international flights between different countries. Airport Terminal:  This is the place where the traveler completes their procedures when traveling or arriving. There are several services offered there such as ticketing, luggage shipping, checkpoints, etc. Luggage:  Bags brought by passengers on board. One piece of luggage is often brought on board and placed in small cabinets above the seats for easy access throughout the flight, while large luggage is kept in a special part of the aircraft called the aircraft box due to its heavy or large size. Flight Registration:  When you arrive at the airport, look at the big screen that shows the windows numbers where different airlines (companies) register passengers on flights. When you arrive at the appropriate window, the airline's registration officer will ask you about your passport and register you as a passenger on the flight. Timing of take-off: This indicates when the aircraft is expected to depart or leave the ground. The crew must prepare the aircraft on or near the runway as soon as possible. Revenue passenger:  A person who pays for the full ticket price and can reserve a seat on the flight. Non-revenue passengers:  like airline employees who get free tickets and discounted tickets for the duration of their work.   Flight Attendant:  An employee who works on the aircraft and helps passengers during the flight. They tell passengers about safety, bring meals, and answer their questions during the flight. Last Call for Boarding:  One of the most popular aviation terms used to tell slow-moving passengers to speed up. It shows the urgency of boarding. Customs:  The baggage checkpoint upon arrival at the destination airport. After receiving the baggage, arriving passengers will only be able to enter the country of arrival after passing through the customs area. Customs is the agency that ensures the items brought into a country are allowed in that country.    Airport Runway:  Defined as a wide area of land at the airport dedicated to take-off and landing. It has a specific length and is well illuminated at night so that night trips can land safely.   The most important terms related to the pilot Acknowledge:  The pilot usually says this to indicate that he understood the message and the news, this word is usually circulated between the pilot and the control tower staff for short sentences. Abort:  A word uttered by the pilot or his co-pilot to the control tower personnel, which means abrupt stopping of the task when the plane is on the runway for take-off before the aircraft reaches the specified speed, which occurs when any technical defect is observed. Final controller: Air traffic controller who provides the pilot with the final information regarding the final approach using radar equipment. Flight dispatcher: Or flight operations officer, who is legally authorized to transport aircraft after studying all the technical information of the flight, assembling and processing it for the pilot before take-off, taking the following elements: planning accuracy, flight safety, and deportation law. The names of this profession are numerous as flight operations officer, Flight dispatcher, and ground pilot. Call to all crew: This phrase is often used in the process of checking the doors of an aircraft, an invitation to all flight attendants to communicate with each other through an intercom system, as a kind of conference calls between the crew Flight level and height: The term flight level is one of the most known aviation terms and is a method of determining aircraft altitude in thousands of feet above sea level. Turbulence: It is a colloquial term for the tremor caused by weather disturbances or shifting air currents Recent actions: For many of us, this term is an indication of a delayed take-off. As for these “procedures,” it is usually a final review of the flight program related to the weight and balance of the aircraft, or just waiting for the maintenance crew to prepare the flight log.   Terms for external and internal aircraft parts: Wing: It is one of the main parts of the aircraft, the wing of the aircraft extends outward from each side of the aircraft. The lower surface of the wing is almost flat while the upper surface is arched. This streamlined shape helps generate the lifting power that lifts the plane off the ground and keeps it in the air. Body: The fuselage extends from the front to the tail. The body of most aircraft takes the tubular shape, covered with a light aluminum casing or composite material. In single-engine aircraft, the engine is usually fixed in the front of the body. But some jets install one or all of their engines in the back of the body. The body gathers inside controls, crew, passengers, and cargo. In small aircraft, the body has a cockpit that can accommodate only the pilot and one passenger. The pilot sits with the passengers in the plane, which seats between two and six passengers. Most large aircraft have a separate cockpit for the crew and cabin for passengers and cargo. In larger aircraft, such as the Boeing 747, the cabin has two separate floors for both passengers and cargo. Landing gear: It consists of the wheels that the aircraft moves over when it is on the ground or floats for when it is in the water, and the landing device bears the weight of the aircraft when it is on the ground or water. Tailplane: is the back of the plane. The tail group helps to control the aircraft's flight and maintain its direction and stability in the air. Engine: generates the capacity required to fly the aircraft, there are three types of engine; reciprocating or piston engines, engines Jet, rocket engines. All of these produce thrust which moves the aircraft forward or backward is some situations. The cockpit: The pilot's seat and some equipment that helps him to pilot the aircraft and carry out his tasks such as pedals, and also includes communication devices, flight line and flight path clarification (instrumentation), sound recording devices, interpret radar signals and other devices for automated aviation, which enables the aircraft to fly in the air automatically without the intervention of the pilot, as it only gives information to the automated flight device (autopilot) that operates the flight or landing at the airports or changes the direction of the flight in the air, which is very useful with the presence of low clouds, heavy fog, and bad weather. Ice Lights: Lights mounted over the plane to light up over the leading edge (front edge) of the wing, allowing the pilot to see ice formation over the wing during flight at night. Console: In the pilot's cockpit  it contains control yoke (similar to a steering wheel), speed and power control(s)   Numbers in flight What do the big numbers on the runway mean? As mentioned above, the runway is a wide area of ​​land where the pilot can take off and land. With the increase of air traffic and the development of aviation, it became important to have a system to separate the runways from each other, the main tool used in the aircraft became the magnetic compass, and each airport had a clear designation based on the magnetic direction. The thresholds are generally numbered based on a magnetic compass based on 1/10 based on the direction of the magnetic field. Since the compass is divided into 360 degrees, the threshold gets numbers from 1 to 36. The north-facing runway (360 degrees) gets 36. Since the runway is two-way, the southward direction opposite the north (180 degrees) gets the number 18, according to its angle from the North Pole. Many landing strips have parallel runways, so their name requires more specialized. Some letters are written next to numbers, such as the letter R, which means the right runway, and the letter L, which means the left runway. Some airports have three runways, so they use the letter C, meaning the Center Runway.   Read more: Follow your dreams and become a pilot The most impressive airport runways around the world

If you are passionate about flying and hoping to become a pilot one day, you should probably start learning the distinction between the different types of pilot licenses to decide which is the right one for you.  However, before starting your quest, It should be noted that what we usually call a pilot’s license is technically a pilot’s certificate. There are different types of pilot licenses (certificates) and each one determines the types of aircraft the pilot is allowed to fly, the travel distance, the time they’re allowed to fly (Day / Night), and much more.  This is a summarized overview of 7 different types of pilot licenses and the requirements to obtain each, in order to help you decide which one you really seek. Student Pilot Certificate If you are interested in beginning a journey to become a pilot, this certificate should be the first one you get. A student pilot certificate is not a must to start taking lessons; however, it allows you to fly under certain circumstances, one of which is the presence of an instructor, passenger-carrying is prohibited though.  It is also a necessary step to obtain higher pilot certification. Student Pilot Certificate is basically a learner's permit for being a future pilot. Among the qualifications you need to have for obtaining a student pilot license is being at least 16 years old, and able to read/speak/understand the English language. Sport Pilot Certificate The Sport Pilot Certificate is also one of the easiest to earn among the various pilot certificates. If you are willing to start flying small aircraft until you move on to a more advanced certificate, The Sport Pilot Certificate is your optimal choice.  This certificate is used to fly certain aircraft that fall under the Light-Sport Aircraft (LSA) category. This category includes small airplanes with up to 2 seats. Getting a Sport Pilot Certificate comes with simple and easy requirements, a total of only 20 flying hours are needed, with 5 of those hours being solo and the other 15 being with an instructor. In addition to the flying hours, a pilot must pass a sport pilot knowledge test and sport pilot practical test.  This certificate is restricted though, with this license, a pilot is only allowed to fly aircraft under a certain weight, fly at an altitude of fewer than 10,000 feet, fly only during the day, and fly only in a specific airspace. Recreational Pilot Certificate The Recreational Pilot Certificate is a good option for people who want to fly short flights as a hobby but want to do so in larger aircraft instead of a Light-Sport Aircraft. Although the Recreational Pilot Certificate is, by far, the least popular, it is still an option for anyone who wants a quicker flight training experience. This certificate is the next step up from the Sport Pilot Certificate but is not a full Private Pilot Certificate.  The Recreational Pilot Certificate still has many limitations including flights being less than 50 nautical miles of the departure airport and flying is only allowed during the day. Private Pilot Certificate (PPL) Private Pilot Certificate is definitely the one you should consider if the restrictions of the sport and recreational certificates sound too limiting to you. This certificate is the standard pilot’s license for people who want to continue their ratings to fly bigger, faster airplanes (or even helicopters), travel long distances with family and friends, and fly often at the time of their choice. You can earn your private pilot certificate after getting the student pilot certificate, it allows you to do much more than the previously mentioned certificates. This includes flying with passengers, flying into airports, and the ability to fly most airplanes.  The requirements for obtaining a Private Pilot Certificate include much more training and a medical exam. The training includes over 35 hours of flight time which includes flying solo and at least 20 hours’ worth of training with an instructor, flying at night, take-offs, landings, cross-country, and more. Commercial Pilot Certificate (CPL) All of the previously-mentioned types of pilot licenses are good if you’re just looking to get in a little recreational flying every weekend, but they are not enough to start your career as a pilot. Moreover, if you'd like to fly airliners, fly airshows, fly charters, tow gliders or banners for money, conduct aerial tours, or become a flight instructor, you must earn your Commercial Pilot Certificate.  This certificate allows you to get paid for the transport of people or goods, which you may not do with a Private Pilot Certificate. In order to get a commercial pilot’s license you must be 18 years old, already hold at least a private pilot license, train with an authorized instructor, have the proper medical and knowledge test clearances, and have logged at least 195 hours of flight time. Flight Instructor Certificate Flight Instructor Certificate is a versatile one that helps you make money via lessons while preparing you to qualify for an Airline Transport Pilot License, with part of the class centered on flight theory. This certificate allows you to gain experience, record more flight hours, and get paid as a flight instructor while you work towards becoming a commercial airline pilot. As a flight instructor, you can train pilots, conduct flight reviews, and issue endorsements required for pilot certificates, ratings, knowledge tests, and check rides.  Qualifications for flight instructor certificate include being 18 years old, being fluent in English, holding a commercial license, and passing a fundamental of instruction and instructor knowledge exams. Airline Transport Pilot Certificate (ATP) The Airline Transport Pilot Certificate (ATP) is the pinnacle of pilot certificates. If it's your wildest dream to be one of the people taking to the skies to transport goods and people across oceans and continents, this is the license you’ll want to strive towards.  Airline Transport Pilot Certificate is not a license that one can qualify for overnight. That's because you need a minimum of 1500 hours of experience piloting planes with at least 250 of them being a pilot-in-command of the aircraft. Additionally, you must be at least 23 years old and have a commercial pilot license. There are many other requirements besides these most basic ones, with several exams and certifications required as well. However, when you get there and hold this certificate, you really become the captain you want to be.   Also Read: The best job in the world: Pilot salaries

Being a pilot is a job unlike all others. With various unique pros and cons, it is more of a passion than a regular job. If you are interested in flying in the air, you may want to know how this career is different than others before making your choice.  Because most airlines now stopped investing in training pilots from scratch, the cost and risk of this investment now fall primarily on the individual. And as pilot training is a substantial financial investment,  young aspiring pilots need more information about the career path to make an informed decision. And we are here to help people do just that. Traveling the world Of course, this is the first thing that comes to mind when being a pilot is mentioned, pilots travel around the world. While some other professions require people to travel a lot, no other profession compares to becoming an airline pilot in that regard. Pilots do not travel a lot, they travel for a living, there is a huge difference. In addition to that, many airlines allow pilots to take their families on vacations as a benefit. Nonetheless, you have to take some points into consideration. Not all pilots travel around the world for a career, this is the dream goal of most pilots, yes, but not everyone achieves that. Many pilots work for small regional airlines at the beginning of their careers, and some of them spend a lot of time in that phase. This largely depends on the individual's attitude and capabilities. Time for work and time to relax As much as all people would love to do that, not everyone is able to! A pilot job is one of the few high profile professions that still allow people to really leave work at work, and that is considered a great blessing indeed. When a pilot is not in duty, they can completely relax, no annoying calls or emails or deadlines or anything. Yes, being a pilot is hard work, but you can truly enjoy your time off. Excellent performance is expected Of course, all jobs demand that you do your best, flying is a little different, however. When you are a pilot, you take responsibility for all souls on board. The airline you work for expects you to perform a perfect job. As a result, good performance is not always commended, it is the norm when you are a pilot. Bad performance, on the other hand, has severe negative consequences. You can lose your job for one less than perfect flight. No one takes risks with a mediocre employee when lives are at stake. No routine for you If you hate routine, who doesn’t, then being a pilot is your dream job! Pilots have flexible and changeable schedules, work hours change from day to day and workplace often changes as well. Most importantly, when you get seniority, you can usually amend your schedule to your liking, something that many people only dream of. Take into consideration though that this flexible schedule means that pilots do not nessaccerily take holidays off. In fact, holidays are some of the busiest times for pilots so most pilots work through them. Considerable time off International regulations state that pilots should take days off between flights, this means that pilots often work around 15 days per month. And guess what, they get to take the rest of the month off! Of course, it is not exactly like that, you don’t take a two-week vacation each month. What it’s actually like is that you work for 3 or 4 days then take two or three days off, but that highly depends on your specific schedule. Whatever your schedule may be, it will include significant time off though! Incomparable view No other profession, even being an executive with a skyscraper office featuring large windows, can offer you such a wonderful view as the cockpit. Want a sea view? You will be flying over the sea. Want to see the desert? You will fly over vast deserts. Want to see magical city lights at night? How about seeing all the cities from above! Pilots get to see more of the world than anyone else, they get to see more than anyone in a single workday. A lifelong adventure A pilot career is a lifelong adventure, ask any experienced pilot about his most interesting stories and you are bound to be amazed. This career is different than all others, you work to the max and relax to the max. You fly for 10 long stressful hours, then land in an exotic country that you have never seen before. This versatile lifestyle creates amazing stories and sends you in an endless adventure. Lifelong learning While some jobs require initial training, being a pilot requires lifelong training. A pilot never stops learning new skills, if they want to stop learning they retire! Because technology is developed rapidly, new airplanes require pilots to get more training. But that is only one aspect of the lifelong learning journey a pilot embarks on. Pilots also need to get Type Rated for aircraft as each aircraft requires a certificate. They also need to undergo leadership courses and workshops, as well as teamwork courses to advance in their careers. To learn more about being a pilot see also: Want to be a captain? This is how you become a successful pilot

Most people are fascinated by airline pilot salaries, either as a factor to become a pilot or as a topic of conversation as it is a commonly known fact that pilot salaries are among the highest salaries in all known professions.   Moreover, pilot salaries, which are already high, are expected to increase further due to the shortage of pilots and larger demand for qualified pilots as a result of the major increase in air traffic taking place around the globe. That is why people are more fascinated than ever before.   Where do the truth end and the myth start though? We all know pilots salaries are very high, but how high exactly? That is, in fact, difficult to tell as their salaries largely depend on several factors.   Let’s check those factors and find out how can a pilot earn an impressive salary. Knowing the real deal about pilot salaries can help you decide whether this career is the right one for you.   What do pilots do? Before discussing pilot salaries, we have to take a look at their job description to gain a better understanding of the job.   The duties of a pilot start long before the plane takes off. A pilot makes several important checks before any scheduled flight. Like checking the weather along the route, checking the plane's condition, the total fuel required for the trip and the weight and distribution of passengers and cargo on the plane. A pilot must also file a flight plan before the plane starts moving.   During the flight, a pilot must monitor the plane’s instruments and monitor all radio communication to use incoming data for assessing and detecting any issues that might affect the flight. In addition to that, the pilot should communicate with air traffic control to receive and follow directions for taking off and landing safely on the assigned runway.   The pilot supervises all the personnel in the aircraft cabin and cockpit as well.   How are pilot salaries determined? Unlike most other professions, Pilots and Captain Pilots do not earn a flat monthly salary. They are often paid an hourly wage for each flight hour flown instead, in addition to per diem.   To guarantee a minimum amount of monthly income, most major airlines guarantee a minimum number of hours per month when they hire new pilots.   Besides this hourly wage, a pilot often receives a fixed salary during the training period. They also receive per diem, which is compensation or allowance the pilots gets when away from home. This allowance is to cover meals and lodging when a pilot has to stay away from home overnight.   How much is this hourly wage? Like all other industries, the more experience a pilot gets the more hourly rate he/she earns. As a rule, the top of the pay scale for pilots are captain pilots working for international airlines.   Typically, airline pilots start out making $40 – $70 per hour when they first start flying, and the average pilot logs 75 hours per month in the air. When you add per diem, this amounts to almost 7000$ per month for newly appointed co-pilots.   This hourly wage however largely depends on the airline, type of aircraft, and the pilot’s level of experience, captain pilots for instance often make $300 per hour.   They sometimes also log up to 150 hours per month performing ground duties like simulator training, maintaining records, performing pre-flight inspections and flight planning. All these hours are also paid with the same hourly rate.   Where does the difference in salary come from? Pilot salaries differ according to the type of aircraft they’re flying. For example, a salary for the pilot of a large jet is impressively larger than a pilot of a small jet, while salaries of non-jet aircraft pilots are significantly less.   Salaries also depend on how long a pilot has been at an airline. The longer a pilot has been flying for an airline the more seniority they have, senior pilots fly larger planes and thus, get paid more.   They also depend on the type of airline. Legacy carriers, for instance, the largest and oldest carriers often offer some of the highest pay rates for pilots. And even though low-cost carriers offer a less hourly wage, most pilots start by working for them until they gain the experience required for legacy carriers.   What does per diem mean and how much is it? Per diem is the travel allowance airlines pay to pilots, it includes an hourly rate for their time away from the base, which is different than their flying hourly rate of course, but still comes to a sizeable amount per trip.   In addition to that, per diem also includes lodging, meals and incidentals expense. Sometimes though, the airline provides lodging for pilots, this often means booking them rooms in luxurious hotels. In which cases, only meals and incidental expenses are paid along with the hourly rate.   This allowance or compensation is paid by the hour, even if the trip takes several days. That is why it is usually a considerable amount of money. Even if the airline pays only 2$ per hour for new pilots, this comes up to 100$ extra cash for a 2-day trip. However, per diem is much more than that for experienced pilots and captain pilots.   How do salaries increase? All hourly wages witness an annual increase. The largest increase in salary usually occurs after the probationary period which is typically one year for pilots.   In general, the biggest salary increase happens in the first five years, then there’s usually a percentage increase every year after that.   This increase is often due to the major shift pilots go through from first officers to captains, this often happens after several years of experience.   What does on reserve mean? When a pilot is on reserve status for a period of time, this means the pilot is required to be on call for a while, either at the airport grounds or within a certain range of the airport. During this reserve period, a pilot is usually paid differently.   Keeping some pilots on reserve is some sort of insurance for the airline. It means that they have someone covering sick calls and schedule interruptions. For pilots, it means that they get some sort of pay just for staying near the airport for a few days. If they do fly during this time, they get their usual hourly rate.   Why are salaries rapidly increasing? The world has undergone a global economic recession in the early 2000s, this has resulted in several years of instability in almost all sectors which meant a lot of mergers and downsizing.   In the last decade, however, airlines did not only recover from this recession, but the air travel industry is also healthy and growing at a fast pace. Following slow times, this speedy growth means a need to hire more employees and more pilots.   Airlines around the world are undergoing significant growth over this decade, especially in Asia and the Middle East. This means that airlines are hiring more pilots than ever, and this peak in hiring is only expected to grow as air traffic increases. This means that airlines need to be competitive with their pilot salaries to keep their pilots from moving to other airlines.   According to Boeing, the demand for commercial airline pilots is going to reach an anticipated demand for 617,000 new pilots globally over the next 20 years. References: https://www.pea.com/airline-pilot-salary/ https://www.glassdoor.com/Salaries/airline-pilot-salary-SRCH_KO0,13.htm https://www.thebalancecareers.com/airline-pilot-salaries-4126309 https://work.chron.com/average-commercial-airline-pilots-salary-11855.html https://www.payscale.com/research/US/Job=Airline_Pilot%2C_Copilot%2C_or_Flight_Engineer/Salary