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The most impressive airport runways around the world

The International Civil Aviation Organization defines a runway as a rectangular area of land specifically prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft. Some airport runways are man-made surfaces, often made of asphalt, concrete, or a mixture of both, and some are natural surfaces such as dirt, gravel or ice. Most runways look like a highway, just an industrial looking road leading to the airport. But some are treated as an entryway to the country. Whether by choice or chance these runways are spectacularly impressive. Let’s check the most impressive airport runways around the world. Marseille Provence Airport, France Offering a stunning landing and an even more stunning take-off, the runway in Marseille airport south of France sticks right out into the water of Etang de Berre. You can take off and land amidst the azure blue water of this 155 square kilometer lagoon, which gives you a wonderful view from the plane. In addition to that, it is the fifth busiest airport in France by passenger traffic and the third largest for cargo traffic. Not just a stunning view but also a hip and happening airport. Cristoforo Colombo Airport, Italy Named after the Genoese navigator and explorer Christopher Columbus, this airport features one of the most impressive runways in the world. Genoa Airport is an international airport built on an artificial peninsula. The runway is built on reclaimed land over the Mediterranean. It offers spectacular sea views for passengers while landing and taking off. Landing is the most impressive though as the descent from the mountains behind the city adds a surreal touch. Barra Airport, Scotland The only airport in the world where scheduled flights use a beach as the runway, Barra Airport, which lies at the northern tip of the island of Barra in Scotland, opened in 1936. Three runways are set in a triangle at the beach, marked by wooden poles at their ends. Flight times often change with the tide as these runways are usually submerged under the sea at high tides. Agatti Airport, India Agatti Airport is located on the southern end of Agatti Island in India, the takeoff and landing offer an unparalleled view which no passenger will ever forget. This airport features one asphalt runway, 1204 meters long and 30 meters wide constructed over the sea. Cristiano Ronaldo Airport, Portugal Madeira International Airport, or Cristiano Ronaldo airport, is an international airport in the Portuguese archipelago of Madeira. It is one of the most dangerous airports in Europe, only expert pilots can navigate the runway set between rocky hills and ocean. The runway has been extended 655 feet in 2003. The new extension is a spectacular bridge supported by 180 columns, each 230 feet tall, overlooking the ocean. It looks impressive from all angles! The airport was renamed as Madeira International Airport Cristiano Ronaldo in 2017, in honor of the famous soccer star that was born in Madeira. Juancho E. Yrausquin Airport, Saba The smallest commercial airport in the world, this airport lies on the Caribbean island of Saba, Caribbean Netherlands. The impressive runway is suspended precariously on a tiny shelf of land. On either end of the extremely short 1,299-foot runway is a 60-foot cliff-drop straight into the ocean. Not an easy runway for novice pilots, but a spectacular view for passengers. For more about airports see also: The largest airport in the world: Middle Eastern airports that set records Aviation in the Kingdom: Newest airports in Saudi Arabia

6 Common trainer aircraft used in flight schools

Every flight school around the world tends to use a specific type of trainer aircraft that is in tune with its vision and the way it conducts training. But what is exactly a trainer aircraft and how does it differ from other aircrafts? Also, what are the most famous types of trainer aircraft with flight schools? That is what you’re going to learn while reading this article. A trainer aircraft is a class of aircraft designed specifically to facilitate flight training of pilots and aircrew. It has certain characteristics such as the additional safety features like tandem flight controls and a simplified cockpit arrangement. Those characteristics allow trainers to safely advance their piloting and navigation skills. Commercial pilots are normally trained in a light aircraft, with two or more seats to allow for a student and an instructor. The seats are either side by side for the pilot and instructor, or it's in tandem where the pilot is in front and the instructor behind. So here is the most popular trainer aircraft used in different flight schools around the world: Cessna 172 Also known as "The Cessna Skyhawk", The Skyhawk is the most produced aircraft ever as over 44,000 airframes were built since 1955. It is also the most popular single-engine aircraft ever built. With standout flight characteristics, a sophisticated glass cockpit outfitted with G1000 avionics, slow landing speed, great visibility, and a forgiving stall - the Cessna Skyhawk is a flight training ideally suited for student pilots. The 172 was based on an earlier Cessna design called the 170. Yet, The 172's design was so clean and aerodynamic that Cessna’s marketing department called it the “land-o-matic” because it was so easy to fly and land. Diamond DA40 The Diamond DA40 Star is an Austrian four-seat, single-engine, light aircraft constructed from composite materials and built-in both Austria and Canada by Austrian company Diamond Aircraft Industries. Its safe handling characteristics make it an ideal primary training aircraft and its modern design allow for a cruise speed in excess of 140 knots. The excellent visibility from the cockpit along with the traffic awareness provided by the Garmin G1000 greatly enhances safety, especially when flying in congested airspace. The DA40 was the first to use G1000, which is now the standard in new aircraft. Diamond DA42 The Diamond DA42 Twin is Diamond's first twin-engine design, as well as the first new European twin-engine aircraft in its category to be developed in over 25 years. This propeller-driven airplane with four-seats and two engines allows pilots to have a backup engine in case one of the engines would fail in flight which guarantees a high safety level. The DA42 offers the ultimate in handling, stability, and control, ease of operation and structural, system and propulsion redundancies, all coupled with a high degree of crashworthiness.  Additionally, The DA42 is the first diesel-powered fixed-wing aircraft to perform a non-stop crossing of the North Atlantic. It is equipped with active and passive safety features which help to avoid accidents in the first place and to minimize the probability and degree of injury. Piper PA-28 Cherokee The Piper PA-28 Cherokee is one of the most worldwide well-known low-wing, training airplanes. Piper PA-28 Cherokee is a family of two-seat or four-seat light aircraft built by Piper Aircraft and designed for flight training, air taxi and for personal use. The PA-28 family of aircraft comprises all-metal, unpressurized, single-engine, piston-powered airplanes with low-mounted wings and tricycle landing gear. Piper PA-28 family has a single door on the right side, which is entered by stepping on the wing. Cirrus SR20 The Cirrus SR20 is an American piston-engine, four-or-five-seat aircraft composite monoplane built by Cirrus Aircraft. The SR20 is popular with many flight schools and is operated by private individuals and companies. Produced from 1999, The SR20 was one of the first aircraft to offer "advanced technology" avionics, and this was a whole new effort in-flight instructor training and awareness for students. The SR20 was the first aviation aircraft equipped with a parachute to lower the airplane safely to the ground after a loss of control, structural failure or mid-air collision. Cirrus SR22 Cirrus SR22 is one of the most produced and best selling aircraft of the 21st century. It is a single-engine, four-or-five-seat composite aircraft built from 2001 by Cirrus Aircraft. Cirrus SR22 is a development of the Cirrus SR20, with a larger wing, higher fuel capacity, and a more powerful engine. However, both are equipped with the Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS), which can lower the entire aircraft to the ground relatively gently in an emergency. To learn more about flight training see also: How much does it cost to become a pilot?   References: www.diamondaircraft.com   www.osmaviationacademy.com www.flyingmag.com www.airforce-technology.com calaero.edu www.thissideupaviation.com www.piperflyer.org www.bankofaircraft.com nationalinterest.org www.airforce-technology.com cirrusaircraft.com

How much does it cost to become a pilot?

Some people shy away from studying aviation because it is known to be a costly education, but how much does it really cost to become a pilot? And most importantly, is this education a profitable investment? When you compare the cost to the benefits, do you come out with a good profit? The benefits of becoming a pilot are widely well-known: you get one of the best salaries in the world, you gain a lot of prestige and you travel the world for a living. If we already know the benefits, all that’s missing is the cost, so let’s find that out. Types of flight training Before we talk about the price you need to know the different types of flight training available in the world, and which is considered better and why. Integrated training Integrated flight training is a full-time commercial flight training course. In integrated training, all the program is completed with the same flight training organization. Because all the training is done with the same establishment it is usually shorter than modular training. A full time integrated course usually takes between 18 months and 2 years. And the student is qualified to take a CPL exam after that, if they pass the exam they get the license. In addition to that, students who complete integrated flight training can complete the course with fewer flight hours than the number of hours required if completing it through modular training. Because this is High quality, intensive training, many airlines prefer to hire students from integrated training courses. Modular training Modular flight training means completing your flight training one step at a time. It’s usually cheaper than integrated training, but it often takes years. That is why it is usually the route people take when they learn aviation as a hobby, not a career. You can take modular training while working a full-time job in any other field. Keep in mind that in modular training you will be required to buy your books and materials, which do not come cheap, as well as some equipment such as a headset, which is definitely not cheap. Another important point is that prices change, so the overall cost may change while you are working on your modules. Modular flight training is usually done in the following order: Private Pilots Licence (PPL) Airline Transport Pilots Licence (ATPL) Hour Building Commercial Pilots Licence Type Rating Studying aviation around the world: How much does it cost? Let’s take a quick tour around the world and find the cost of aviation training in different countries. Keep in mind though that this cost does not include accommodation or transportation, so if you do not already live in one of those countries you have to add those costs as well. How much does it cost to become a pilot in the USA? The cost of becoming a CPL certified pilot starts from $70,000 in the USA. Add to that the cost of getting an ATPL, and the cost of flying the required 1500 hours to be eligible for applying to airline positions and the cost comes to around $200,000. However, it may cost much more if the student takes some time to finish all the required licenses and ratings. The plane used the most for training in the USA is Cessna, either Cessna 152 or Cessna 172. Some integrated training programs charge even more than this, but as mentioned earlier, integrated training costs more but yields faster and better results. How much does it cost to become a pilot in the UK? In the UK, it takes around two years and can cost over $127,000 to get the commercial Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL). Unlike the USA, an integrated course in the UK often costs less than a modular one, but not by much. For instance, it now costs around £ 90,000 and takes around 18 months to get an ATPL through an integrated program. On another note, however, the cost of living in the UK is much higher than in most other countries. That is why it is considered a costly option for non-residents. How much does it cost to become a pilot in Australia? To get a Commercial Pilot Licence in Australia, you can get integrated training for around $65,000. The integrated training program takes 18 months. Of course after this CPL you still need to train further to get your IR, ATPL, to be ready for an airline job, this will double the overall cost. It is also noteworthy to mention that while the accommodation may be a bit cheaper than the UK, transportation is much more expensive. How much does it cost to become a pilot in India? In India, you have to pass 6 written exams before you can start flight training. The flight training itself costs around $86,000, however, this largely depends on the duration of the training which varies greatly from one place to another. A common problem in Indian training centers is the lack of training aircraft, they are often so few that students have to wait in line to finish their required training hours. How much does it cost to become a pilot in South Africa? It takes around 18 months and costs around $50,000 to get your CPL in South Africa. Keep in mind though that you will need further training and certificates to get a job in an airline, like instrument rating and type rating, for example, type rating alone would cost you another $50,000. And of course, transportation to and from South Africa will make a considerable sum if you do not live in a nearby country. How much does it cost to become a pilot in Saudi Arabia? It takes around two years to get your CPL and your Type Rating in Saudi Arabia. OxfordSaudia is the only academy in the world to offer the Type Rating program along with the CPL program, this makes graduates employable as soon as they graduate. To learn more about fees and installments see: FEES AND METHOD OF PAYMENTS To learn more about becoming a pilot see also: Want to be a captain? This is how you become a successful pilot Captain pilot: A glimpse into the life of pilots References: Integrated vs. Modular pilot training. What’s the difference? Have you ever wondered how to become a pilot? FIRST IN CLASS How to become a pilot and how much it costs to train, according to a British Airways pilot Steep training-course fees are keeping new pilots out of the cockpit – and you stranded at the airport How do I train to be a pilot? How much it costs to get a pilot licence in South Africa

The future is wide open for pilots, the sky is literally the limit to this career path. This is especially true for Arab pilots because the aviation industry is taking huge leaps in the Middle East. And as the aviation sector in the region grows, the need for qualified pilots grows. And the sector is expected to grow rapidly in the upcoming years. Laying the foundation for this bright future, some highly qualified Arab pilots have been working their way in the sector for years and years, making it easier for others to join. Let’s take a look at some successful Arab pilots and hear their inspirational stories, one way or another these pilots have accomplished what we all dream of, a successful career in their chosen field. Wesam Sameer Al-Najjar The youngest Saudi to fly the A380, Wesam has flown the A318, A319, A320, A330, and A330 Cargo aircraft, among others. Before his 29th birthday, Al-Najjar had already flown to more than 100 countries and spent around 4000 hours in the cockpit. One of 10 children, Al-Najjar has lost both his father and mother early, his beloved uncle has been his first supporter in achieving all his dreams. Al-Najjar grew up in Madinah, in the western region of Saudi Arabia. He decided to become a pilot in his late teens because he found it to be the perfect job. He started to pursue his dream right after graduating from high school. Nevin Darwish The first female pilot to fly the world’s biggest commercial plane, the Egyptian pilot flew the Airbus 380 from Dubai to Vienna, and back.  The captain soared through the skies, leading an all-female crew on the special occasion of International Women’s Day.  Emirates Airlines announced the event by posting a 2-minute long video on its YouTube channel, showing a glimpse of the glorious flight. In the video, Captain Darwish is accompanied by Emirati Captain Alia AlMuhairi. The event is a huge milestone and motivates younger women to pursue their dreams and thrive in glory. Mariam Al-Mansouri The first female fighter pilot of the United Arab Emirates. Flying an F-16 Fighting Falcon, al-Mansouri led UAE mission airstrikes against ISIS. She was one of the first women to join the United Arab Emirates Air Force (UAEAF). In an interview with CNN, Al-Mansouri said she’s dreamt of becoming a pilot since high school, but she had to wait until women were allowed to join the airforce. Before overcoming gender stereotypes, Al-Mansouri earned an undergraduate degree in English literature from United Arab Emirates University and worked for the army general staff in other categories. One of 8 children, Al-Mansouri said her family supported her dream career. Princess Basmah Bani Ahmad  The Princess is the second wife of Prince Hamzah Bin Hussein of Jordan. Living most of her childhood in Canada, her royal highness left her studies in Mathematics at the University of Western Ontario to take the hobby of aviation.  Her royal highness moved back to Jordan in 2005, where her highness trained with The Middle East Aviation Academy in Amman to obtain a flight instructor license.  Her highness was Jordan’s first female to earn a basic aerobatics certificate. Her highness met Prince Hamzah at Dubai Air Show in November 2011. Sheikha Mozah bint Saeed bin Rashid Sheikha Mozah is the first royal from Al Maktoum family to fly a commercial plane. She is the beloved niece of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum is the Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, and ruler of the Emirate of Dubai. Sheikha Mozah passed the commercial test from CAE in April 2016. She has been documenting some of her work by posting pictures on her Instagram account, wearing the pilot uniform. She also has a picture with the Crown Prince of Dubai, Sheikh Hamdan Bin Mohammed bin Rashid. She was featured in Vogue Arabia’s March 2018 issue. Sheikha Mozah is very proud of her achievements, as she should be, breaking social norms for women in royal families.   Karim Nafatni One of the most famous Arab pilots, the French-Tunisian captain pilot lives in the United Arab Emirates. At the age of 19, Nafatni was the youngest co-pilot on an A320 in Tunisia.  Working as a pilot has been his dream as a child, and now he’s living the dream and more. Nafatni found his hobby of photography when he bought his first camera, and he fell in love with architecture photography. That was when he realized that he could take gorgeous shots from the cockpit.  Stating that he only started to take photography seriously in 2010, Nafatni won the Best Architecture Shot for the 2013 award on the popular photography and photo-sharing website 500px. His work went viral all over the internet. He was mentioned by the UK’s Daily Mail, which called his work “a bid to document his daily routine through a series of otherworldly images that look more like oil paintings than photographs and reveal exactly what it is like for pilots at 35,000 feet.” Nafatni was also the first to create the genre of photography “called high-flying”. Alia AlMuhairi Emirates Airlines’ First Officer since 2012, Emirati Alia AlMuhairi has been shining ever since the Emirates Airlines’ ad campaign showed her co-piloting the first all-female crew Airbus A380 on International Women’s Day.  In an interview with Al Arabiya, AlMuhairi said that she received support from her family and community, but that wasn’t always the case, “At first, my mother was scared for me and telling me it would be difficult to travel alone and such. There were also others in my society who said that customs and traditions forbade women from such fields. But at the end I gained all their support,” she said.  And in the same interview, Muhairi told Al Arabiya “Thankfully my country, the United Arab Emirates, opened up opportunities for women to enter this field. Aviation is obviously dominated by men so I thought why can’t I, as a woman, try out for the job. I’m no less than my male counterparts”. Muhairi says that she aspires to, one day, become an aviation trainer to help the next generation of young pilots. To learn more about famous pilots see also: Women in the cockpit: Famous female pilots in history

Women in the cockpit: Famous female pilots in history

Aviation used to be a male-dominated field, aka a man's job, but some amazing women through history decided to choose the road less taken and learn how to fly. These early female pilots were the pioneers who opened the gates for the upcoming generations. Now it is almost natural to find women in the cockpit. Some of those names are so famous that you must have heard of them before, and some are less known, but they are all equally strong and impressive. So let’s take a look at some of the most distinguished female pilots. Raymonde de Laroche [caption id="attachment_2696" align="alignnone" width="949"] Raymonde de Laroche[/caption] Born in 1882, in Paris, Raymonde de Laroche was the first woman to get a pilot license. Elise Raymonde Deroche was an actress, but watching the demonstration flights by the Wright brothers in 1908  in Paris, as well as meeting various aviators, ignited a passion towards the field, and she started to dream about flying herself. Tutored by Charles Voisin, a pilot, and an airplane builder, she flew for the first time in 1909 and got her official pilot license in 1910. She broke several world records during her career, first for flying a distance of 323 kilometers, and for flying an altitude of 4500 meters above the ground in 1913 and then 4800 meters in 1919. Flight magazine called Raymonde de Laroche "The Baroness", and the title stayed with her all her life that a lot of people thought she was of noble origin. Anne Spencer Morrow Lindbergh [caption id="attachment_2697" align="alignnone" width="949"] Anne Spencer Morrow Lindbergh[/caption] Born in 1906, Anne Spencer Morrow Lindbergh was a writer and a pilot. A prime example for women’s rights, Anne worked side by side with her husband, Charles Lindbergh, she was his co-pilot for years. In 1930, Anne became the first woman in the U.S.A to get a glider pilot’s license. She later worked as her husband’s co-pilot, navigator, and radio operator. She helped Charles set a new transcontinental speed record, they flew from Los Angeles to New York City in 14 hours 45 minutes, which was a record at the time. And in 1931 they made a three-month-long journey to survey air routes from Canada and Alaska to East Asia. That trip was the subject of Lindbergh’s first book, North to the Orient, which was published in 1935. Her most famous written work, Gift from the Sea, was published in 1955. It comprises a collection of essays that discuss the struggle we all go through to achieve balance and serenity in life, with a focus on the life of modern women. Bessie Coleman [caption id="attachment_2698" align="alignnone" width="949"] Bessie Coleman[/caption] Born in 1892, Bessie Coleman was the first African American woman, as well as the first woman of Native-American descent to earn a pilot license. Even though flying schools in the United States did not accept black women at the time, she was determined enough to find another way to achieve her goal. Bessie learned French and moved to France. She studied at Caudron Brother's School of Aviation and got her international pilot license in 1921, thus becoming the first person of African-American and Native American descent to earn an international aviation license from the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. In order to start a career as a stunt flier, Bessie needed advanced lessons. She spent another two months in France where she took an advanced course in aviation, then left for the Netherlands to meet the renowned aircraft designer Anthony Fokker. After that, she traveled to Germany, where she received additional training at the Fokker Corporation from one of the company's chief pilots. After all this extensive training, Bessie went back to America to start a career in exhibition flying, becoming one of the most famous female pilots in the USA. Bessica Medlar Raiche [caption id="attachment_2699" align="alignnone" width="949"] Bessica Medlar Raiche[/caption] Not only did she make solo flights, but Bessica Medlar Raiche also designed and built an airplane with her husband. A doctor, a linguist, an artist, a musician, and a pilot, Bessica was certainly both gifted and motivated. Bessica, who was born in 1875, graduated from Tufts Medical School in 1903. She practiced medicine as a doctor and a dentist. When she was in France studying painting, she saw Orville Wright demonstrate his Wright Flyer. This affected her tremendously that she decided to build a similar aircraft when she went back home to the USA. With the help of her husband, she built an airplane based on the Wrights’ design but using lighter-weight materials. And because she was lighter than her husband it was decided that she would be the one who tries the plane. The flight took place on 16 September 1910, Bessica flew the plane exactly five times. The last flight, however, did not end with the smoothest landing, but Bessica was unharmed. Later on, Mr. and Mrs. Raiche formed the French-American Aeroplane Company and built several more airplanes. Sheila Scott [caption id="attachment_2700" align="alignnone" width="949"] Sheila Scott[/caption] Born in 1927, British aviator Sheila Scott broke more than 100 flying records between 1965 and 1972. She is definitely one of the most powerful women in the cockpit. She earned her pilot license in 1960 and started racing with her old biplane. To support her passion for flying, she worked as a demonstrator for Cessna and Piper aircraft. In 1966, Scott flew around the world for the first time, covering around 50,000 kilometers in 189 flying hours. She started setting world records after that, starting with her flight between London and Cape Town in 1967, her flight across the North Atlantic Ocean in 1967, and across the South Atlantic Ocean in 1969, and her flight from the Equator to the Equator over the North Pole in 1971. Her 100th world-class record was set during her third around-the-world solo flight. In addition to an impressive flying career, she published two books:  I Must Fly, which was published in 1968, and On Top of the World, published in 1973. Jacqueline Cochran [caption id="attachment_2701" align="alignnone" width="949"] Jacqueline Cochran[/caption] At the time of her death in 1980, Jacqueline Cochran, who was born in 1906, held more distance, altitude and speed world records than any other pilot, male or female. Known as the speed queen, Cochran was the only woman to compete and win in the Bendix race, the first female pilot to break the sound barrier, the first woman to land and take off from an aircraft carrier, and the first female president of the Federation Aeronautique Internationale. Cochran used her fame and money to help empower women, contributing to charitable causes and trying to establish a place for women in the space race. She believed that it was not enough to put more women in the cockpit women should also conquer space. To learn more about famous women in the cockpit see also: Hanadi Al Hindi: the first Saudi Woman to become a pilot The first Arab female pilot: Captain Pilot Lotfia Elnadi Aviation pioneers: Amelia Earhart References: http://www.femtechleaders.com/the-11-most-famous-female-pilots-in-history/ https://www.pilotweb.aero/features/10-outstanding-women-from-aviation-history-1-4006901 https://www.aerotime.aero/rytis.beresnevicius/23357-raymonde-de-laroche-first-licensed-pilot https://www.britannica.com/biography/Anne-Spencer-Morrow-Lindbergh https://www.biography.com/explorer/bessie-coleman https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bessie_Raiche https://www.britannica.com/biography/Sheila-Scott https://www.britannica.com/biography/Jacqueline-Cochran

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