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Are you thinking of joining the aviation field? Do you dream about becoming a pilot? How can this be achieved without knowing the aviation terms used all over the world! These are the Aviation terms used in landing and take-off, words and phrases exchanged between the pilot and the control tower, terms for the parts of the aircraft, and the components of the aircraft and the devices in it. Even if you are only interested in traveling and flying in the sky, you will benefit from learning these terms that you will be exposed to in any airport in the world, no matter where you travel or the language of the country you are traveling to. Everyone knows that airlines have their own language, and there are many terms that are used only to describe places or situations specific to aviation. Let's take a look to learn some of the aviation terms and their meanings. First, you should recognize the term "flying", it can be defined as no contact with the ground, with or without mobility, with or without landing gear.   The types of aviation: Leisure Flight Recreational aviation is intended for aviation enthusiasts and adventurers, as it is engagement in activities that are not economical or military. One of the most important types of recreational aviation is the use of gliders, which are pulled to a certain height by another aircraft, then dropped and the pilot controls it by using air currents moving between the terrain, so it is often practiced in mountainous areas. Non-mountainous areas require upward currents of air or thermals that create a small area of upward-moving air as a result of uneven heating of the earth's surface.    Tourism Aviation Can anyone use the plane for tourism? The answer is no, tourist flights require a tourist's flight license or approval for the organization conducting the flight to be allowed to use small planes for tours and low-altitude travel.   Crop Dusting Services Small aircraft or helicopters are used in this type of flight to carry out several activities, such as spraying crops with pesticide, fertilizer or weed killer, after equipping the aircraft with the required equipment.   Fire Fighting Services Another similar activity is the use of aircraft in disaster situations to transport water, firefighting, transporting rescuers and air ambulance, pilots are trained for service areas on different types of aircraft.   Commercial Aviation Used to carry cargo and people around the world via regular airlines, small businesses can transport small numbers of passengers, unlike large companies that have a fleet of large aircraft, modern and equipped with the best capabilities and amenities to transport thousands of passengers and tons of cargo.   Military Aviation The military paid attention to the importance of aviation in military operations, so they provided technical ideas for the development of aircraft, and military aircraft are classified according to their tasks, such as combat jets, attack aircraft, and transport.   Terms used at airports " Aviation terms " Many people depend on flying because it is easy and fast to travel from one region to another, some of the aviation terms frequently used in travel and airports include: Airport: A place where all aircraft, such as helicopters or passengers and cargo travel to and from. An airport is often located on the outskirts of the city. This is done to reduce the noise in the city. Domestic Airport:  This means the terminal or airport is only used for domestic flights in the same country. International Airport:  This means the terminal or airport is designated for international flights between different countries. Airport Terminal:  This is the place where the traveler completes their procedures when traveling or arriving. There are several services offered there such as ticketing, luggage shipping, checkpoints, etc. Luggage:  Bags brought by passengers on board. One piece of luggage is often brought on board and placed in small cabinets above the seats for easy access throughout the flight, while large luggage is kept in a special part of the aircraft called the aircraft box due to its heavy or large size. Flight Registration:  When you arrive at the airport, look at the big screen that shows the windows numbers where different airlines (companies) register passengers on flights. When you arrive at the appropriate window, the airline's registration officer will ask you about your passport and register you as a passenger on the flight. Timing of take-off: This indicates when the aircraft is expected to depart or leave the ground. The crew must prepare the aircraft on or near the runway as soon as possible. Revenue passenger:  A person who pays for the full ticket price and can reserve a seat on the flight. Non-revenue passengers:  like airline employees who get free tickets and discounted tickets for the duration of their work.   Flight Attendant:  An employee who works on the aircraft and helps passengers during the flight. They tell passengers about safety, bring meals, and answer their questions during the flight. Last Call for Boarding:  One of the most popular aviation terms used to tell slow-moving passengers to speed up. It shows the urgency of boarding. Customs:  The baggage checkpoint upon arrival at the destination airport. After receiving the baggage, arriving passengers will only be able to enter the country of arrival after passing through the customs area. Customs is the agency that ensures the items brought into a country are allowed in that country.    Airport Runway:  Defined as a wide area of land at the airport dedicated to take-off and landing. It has a specific length and is well illuminated at night so that night trips can land safely.   The most important terms related to the pilot Acknowledge:  The pilot usually says this to indicate that he understood the message and the news, this word is usually circulated between the pilot and the control tower staff for short sentences. Abort:  A word uttered by the pilot or his co-pilot to the control tower personnel, which means abrupt stopping of the task when the plane is on the runway for take-off before the aircraft reaches the specified speed, which occurs when any technical defect is observed. Final controller: Air traffic controller who provides the pilot with the final information regarding the final approach using radar equipment. Flight dispatcher: Or flight operations officer, who is legally authorized to transport aircraft after studying all the technical information of the flight, assembling and processing it for the pilot before take-off, taking the following elements: planning accuracy, flight safety, and deportation law. The names of this profession are numerous as flight operations officer, Flight dispatcher, and ground pilot. Call to all crew: This phrase is often used in the process of checking the doors of an aircraft, an invitation to all flight attendants to communicate with each other through an intercom system, as a kind of conference calls between the crew Flight level and height: The term flight level is one of the most known aviation terms and is a method of determining aircraft altitude in thousands of feet above sea level. Turbulence: It is a colloquial term for the tremor caused by weather disturbances or shifting air currents Recent actions: For many of us, this term is an indication of a delayed take-off. As for these “procedures,” it is usually a final review of the flight program related to the weight and balance of the aircraft, or just waiting for the maintenance crew to prepare the flight log.   Terms for external and internal aircraft parts: Wing: It is one of the main parts of the aircraft, the wing of the aircraft extends outward from each side of the aircraft. The lower surface of the wing is almost flat while the upper surface is arched. This streamlined shape helps generate the lifting power that lifts the plane off the ground and keeps it in the air. Body: The fuselage extends from the front to the tail. The body of most aircraft takes the tubular shape, covered with a light aluminum casing or composite material. In single-engine aircraft, the engine is usually fixed in the front of the body. But some jets install one or all of their engines in the back of the body. The body gathers inside controls, crew, passengers, and cargo. In small aircraft, the body has a cockpit that can accommodate only the pilot and one passenger. The pilot sits with the passengers in the plane, which seats between two and six passengers. Most large aircraft have a separate cockpit for the crew and cabin for passengers and cargo. In larger aircraft, such as the Boeing 747, the cabin has two separate floors for both passengers and cargo. Landing gear: It consists of the wheels that the aircraft moves over when it is on the ground or floats for when it is in the water, and the landing device bears the weight of the aircraft when it is on the ground or water. Tailplane: is the back of the plane. The tail group helps to control the aircraft's flight and maintain its direction and stability in the air. Engine: generates the capacity required to fly the aircraft, there are three types of engine; reciprocating or piston engines, engines Jet, rocket engines. All of these produce thrust which moves the aircraft forward or backward is some situations. The cockpit: The pilot's seat and some equipment that helps him to pilot the aircraft and carry out his tasks such as pedals, and also includes communication devices, flight line and flight path clarification (instrumentation), sound recording devices, interpret radar signals and other devices for automated aviation, which enables the aircraft to fly in the air automatically without the intervention of the pilot, as it only gives information to the automated flight device (autopilot) that operates the flight or landing at the airports or changes the direction of the flight in the air, which is very useful with the presence of low clouds, heavy fog, and bad weather. Ice Lights: Lights mounted over the plane to light up over the leading edge (front edge) of the wing, allowing the pilot to see ice formation over the wing during flight at night. Console: In the pilot's cockpit  it contains control yoke (similar to a steering wheel), speed and power control(s)   Numbers in flight What do the big numbers on the runway mean? As mentioned above, the runway is a wide area of ​​land where the pilot can take off and land. With the increase of air traffic and the development of aviation, it became important to have a system to separate the runways from each other, the main tool used in the aircraft became the magnetic compass, and each airport had a clear designation based on the magnetic direction. The thresholds are generally numbered based on a magnetic compass based on 1/10 based on the direction of the magnetic field. Since the compass is divided into 360 degrees, the threshold gets numbers from 1 to 36. The north-facing runway (360 degrees) gets 36. Since the runway is two-way, the southward direction opposite the north (180 degrees) gets the number 18, according to its angle from the North Pole. Many landing strips have parallel runways, so their name requires more specialized. Some letters are written next to numbers, such as the letter R, which means the right runway, and the letter L, which means the left runway. Some airports have three runways, so they use the letter C, meaning the Center Runway.   Read more: Follow your dreams and become a pilot The most impressive airport runways around the world

As a pilot to be, the type of pilot you become depends basically on the training you have. In training, you gain aeronautical knowledge, master flight maneuvers, and acquire habits that will stick with you throughout your career. Although flight school is necessary to learn how to fly airplanes, ground school is of the same importance to become a competent pilot. The duration of your training depends on your availability, your goal, and finances. Additionally, each pilot license requires different ground school and flight school training. With many playing factors, it’s crucial to know what to expect in your flight training. So, what is ground school? What is a flight school? Are they related or are they two separate entities? Let’s take a closer look to find out. Ground School and Flight School: What are they? Ground School and flight school are the two parts that make up your pilot training. During ground school, you learn the theory about how airplanes fly, the weather, and several other aviation-related topics. The main goal of ground school is to help you pass the knowledge test. On the other hand, flight school is where you take practical lessons to become proficient in piloting an aircraft. At the e11nd of the flight school, you will be ready to take your practice test with an examiner. With the exception of the student pilot certificate, getting any pilot license requires passing both knowledge and practical tests. Becoming a pilot requires knowledge and skill, and you can only obtain those two through quality training in both ground school and flight school.   What is Ground School Training? Before you can fly an airplane alone for the first time, you need to pass a pre-solo knowledge test. The test covers airspace rules and procedures for the airport where you’ll perform your first solo flight. The test also verifies your knowledge of the aircraft you’ll be flying. Aside from this, the ground school covers many other ground training areas. Private Pilot Ground Training: Before you can get your private pilot license, you’ll need to pass a computerized aeronautical knowledge test. This test covers subjects such as the Aviation Regulations, navigation, radio communication procedures, and aerodynamics. Commercial Pilot Ground Training: In addition to what you learned during your private pilot training, you will need to have knowledge in advanced areas, including advanced performance charts, emergency operations, and high altitude flying and commercial operations requirements.   What is Flight School Training? With flight school, you learn how to perform the maneuvers, procedures, and tasks involved with operating an aircraft. You’ll learn how to takeoff, communicate with air traffic control, and recover from stalls. You’ll start off using a flight simulator to get comfortable with the feel of handling a plane with your instructor next to you. After 10 to 20 hours you will be ready to try a solo flight. Private Pilot Flight School Training: After you complete your first solo flight, your training will continue to cover more complex operations, including cross country, night flying, emergency procedures, and instrument maneuvers. Most people will take 60 to 75 flight hours to earn their private pilot certificate. Commercial Pilot Flight School Training: Commercial pilots will go through more intense flight training during flight school. It will include instruments, high altitude, and complex aircraft operations. Commercial flights require flying between different airports, so you’ll need to know how to operate within controlled and uncontrolled airspace. A commercial license will require between 200 and 250 hours of flight hour training.   Other Types of Pilot Licenses You may want to fly for pleasure, and in this case, you could consider a sport or recreational pilot license. As a sport pilot, you may fly light-sport aircraft. Sport pilot certificate came in the early 2000s to make flying more affordable for hobbyists. As such, the minimum flight time to obtain the license is 20 hours before becoming ready for a practical test, or a check-ride. You also must pass a knowledge test covering relevant areas of operation. The recreational pilot certificate allows you to fly bigger, more powerful aircraft than a sport pilot license. It also grants you more privileges. Accordingly, you need a bit more flight training, which translates into a minimum of 30 flight hours. You’re also required to pass a computerized knowledge test before getting your license.   In conclusion... Pilots not only master the skill of flight, but they also have sound aviation knowledge. Flight school is important, and so is ground school. Whether it’s for fun or an airline career, becoming a good pilot requires quality flight training. You need to find the right pilot school, flight instructor, and learning tools for the best results. It’s worth taking the time to research and compare several pilot schools before you actually enroll in one. And remember that choosing a qualified flight school makes all the difference in time and money spent.   Also read: Which certificate to obtain: Different types of pilot licenses

Most pilots require medical certificates to fly. Some pilots, such as sports pilots and balloon pilots, are not required to obtain a medical certificate for flying. However, the rest need to pass an aviation medical examination to legally take advantage of the benefits of their test certificates. That is Why should you get a medical check before studying aviation?   Aviation medical exams can be a concern for many. Will you pass? What exactly is the examiner looking for? Are you looking good enough? Should you reveal some health problems in the forms? What happens if you don’t pass?   There are a lot of questions about the aviation medical examination. Even the healthiest people get nervous before an exam. The good news is that most applicants pass the test - sometimes it takes some time. Why should you get a medical check before studying aviation? In order for a plane to be operated legally, all pilots must have an existing medical certificate. This certificate is obtained through a medical examination. A medical examination is necessary to ensure that the holder of the pilot's license (is still) insufficient health to operate the aircraft properly.   There are 3 classes and they are categorized as follows: Class 1 medical is for Commercial pilots (CPL (A), ATPL (A)) Class 2 medical is for Private Pilots (PPL), Balloonists (BPL), or Sailplane Pilots (SPL) Class 3 medical is for Air Traffic Controllers Do Your Research Why should you get a medical check before studying aviation? If you are fit and healthy, don't worry. However, most pilots have some minor health errors. If you do, you should check whether any of these problems will exclude you. Others may ask you to get a special medical certificate. Having one will give your doctor important information about your health.   Are you worried about a specific medical condition? Make sure that you prepare yourself by doing some research before you prepare for your appointment. The FAA Online Medical Examination Guide contains information you can find about some health problems. There are also plenty of other resources available online for free that can guide you in the right direction. What the Examiner Will Do? The student will undergo a medical examination by a doctor accredited by the Saudi Civil Aviation Authority, who will be the only one authorized to set the necessary standards.   More than 90% of all applicants pass the medical examination because it only determines the general health of the applicant and their physical ability to become pilots.   The examiner will verify your identity after registration and forms are complete, and will review information related to your health history. They may also notify you if there are any details that may delay you from obtaining your medical certificate. It will determine the specific type of aviation medical certificate to which the severity of the test is advanced. Third-class medical examinations are the least intrusive, while the First-class medical examinations require a deeper examination. Types of Aviation Medical Exams Usually, applicants under the age of 40 must undergo the simplest third-class medical examination. This entails examining your eyesight, including peripheral vision, nearsightedness, farsightedness, and color vision. The examiner will also perform an audition test to determine if you are able to hear on a basic level.   Before performing a general physical procedure, the examiner will check with you the following: Health problems pharmaceutical Surgeries you've had in the past Previous doctor visits   Urine analysis will also be done for the examiner. This helps to identify any diseases, blood or proteins in the urine. Expect your blood pressure to be checked, as well as questions about your general mental health.   Some medical requirements (for example, vision and hearing standards) differ for first and second-class medical certificates, but in general, the testing for each class is very similar. First-class medical examinations must be performed more frequently and require the applicant to perform an electrocardiogram (ECG) annually if they are over the age of 40. First-Class Medical Certificate Who needs one? First-class medical certificates are a requirement for air transport pilots. Any pilot exercising the privileges of an air transport pilot must receive and maintain a first-class medical certificate in order to fly the airlines' aircraft scheduled under CFR 14 Part 121. What is the duration period? For airline pilots or those who otherwise require the maintenance of a first-class medical certificate, the valid period of the medical certificate is six months for those aged 40 or over, or 12 months for pilots under the age of 40.   Pilot with a first-class medical certificate can benefit from second class medical benefits (commercial pilots) for 12 months, regardless of their age. A pilot with a first-class medical certificate can benefit from third-class medical benefits for 24 months if any of them is 40 years old or older, or 60 months if he or she is less than 40 years old. Second-Class Medical Certificate Who needs one? Pilots who exercise commercial pilot privileges need at least a second-class medical certificate. In addition, flight engineers, navigators, and air traffic controllers are required to maintain a second class medical certificate. What is the duration period? The Second Class medical certificates are valid for its pilots’ holder for 12 months. A pilot with a second-class medical certificate can exercise third-class medical benefits for 24 months if he or she is 40 years old or older, or 60 months if he or she is less than 40 years old. Third-Class Medical Certificate Who needs one? Student pilots, recreational pilots, private pilots and aviation instructors who work as a pilot (or work as a required crewmember) need at least a third-class medical degree. What is the duration period? The third-class medical certificate is valid for 24 months if you are 40 years old or older, or for 60 months if you are less than 40 years old. Also, read: Which certificate to obtain: Different types of pilot licenses

Flight simulator games: Top games for aviation geeks

If you are into technology and into aviation, chances are you very much into flight simulator games. If you are not you are missing a lot! Flight simulator games give you a chance to have fun in a world that you love and find interesting. They allow you to spend a relaxing time in the virtual skies. So here are the top flight simulator games for aviation geeks, try them this summer! X-Plane 11 Global Flight Simulator Officially released on March 30, 2017, X-Plane is a flight simulator game produced by Laminar Research. It is available for both desktop and mobile. This flight simulator with its 3D cockpits and realistic landscapes delivers a wonderful gaming experience for serious aviation fans. You can even build your airplane, design your airport, and share them with other players. Additionally, the simulator allows users to change flight conditions. X-plane is the most realistic flight simulator game; it is even used sometimes for flight training purposes. Microsoft Flight Simulator Microsoft Flight Simulator is a series of flight simulator games, for the Microsoft Windows. This series is one of the best as well as the longest-running home flight simulator programs. In the market for 35 years now, Microsoft Flight Simulator is probably the longest-running PC game series of all time. This simulator allows you to fly across the world, plan your own routes, and create your own airplanes. Moreover, you get to accomplish missions given by the game. Microsoft Flight Simulator For X-box  The world is developing rapidly so that Microsoft Flight Simulator updated itself to keep pace with the new era with its new capabilities, so you can enjoy the more realistic flight simulator game through your x-box, now it’s available for both desktop and x-box too.   If you’re searching how to be a pilot and learn how to fly, here is the cheapest and fastest flight training as Microsoft Flight Simulator looks the same as the real one, and give you the chance to act under real situations including difficult one and funny which let you enjoy more and merge with it as if its reality.  FlightGear Flight Simulator FlightGear Flight Simulator is a free, open-source multi-platform flight simulator developed by the FlightGear project. The project was first released in 1997 and continued to develop ever since. The game features numerous aircraft and landscapes, and more are added continuously. It can be played solo or multiplayer. IL-2 Sturmovik This series of World War II combat flight simulator video games were originally created by Maddox Games. The series features a huge number of flyable aircraft of various origins, historical aircraft that participated in the war. The Different installments of the series feature the different theaters of World War II. IL-2 Sturmovik is one of the leading World War II flight simulators, and one of the most popular. The newest edition of the IL-2 Sturmovik series is IL-2 Sturmovik: Battle of Stalingrad was released in November 2013. There is a new one expected to be released this year though. Digital Combat Simulator Digital Combat Simulator, also known as DCS, is a series of combat flight simulator games. It was developed by Eagle Dynamics and first released in 2008. The accuracy of the aircraft simulation differs greatly according to the type of flight model, and the edition of the game. DCS World includes a mission editor for user-created tasks. This allows users to extend provided missions, or create their own unique missions. Airport City Okay maybe not a flight simulator, but we had to include Airport City because of its extreme playability! This is one of the most engaging and the most fun airplane games. And it is available for both desktop and mobile. The aim is to build your airport, manage it, and expand your fleet. In addition to that, you can start up your own space exploration program, how cool is that! You start the game with a small airport comprising a single runway, a few crew members, and very basic operational buildings. You upgrade your airport by completing different missions, arranging flights to travel around the world, and upgrade the adjacent support city while expanding your airport. Your mission should you choose to accomplish it is to become an aviation mogul and build an outstanding airport. Thrustmaster HOTAS X Flight Hotas X is a programmable joystick and throttle that is compatible with PCs and PS3 systems for realistic flight simulation. The Hotas joystick features a large throttle that is used to control the aircraft speed and acceleration, in addition, the throttle is detachable so you can detach it to re-create real piloting conditions. Depending on your playstyle, you may want to use a super sensitive joystick that responds to slight touches. With the stiffer joystick, it provides greater resistance when moving it. The resistance of T. Flight Hotas X can be adjusted to adapt to your personal preferences. Real Flight RF9 Flight Simulator  RealFlight is the first RC flight simulator in the world, absolutely its the best tool new RC pilots which helps you to learn how to fly.  RealFlight helps you to enjoy practicing new maneuvers and to improve the skills that may help you to become a better pilot. RealFlight offers more than 160 different aircraft, the most popular is airplanes, helicopters, and drones. Plus RealFlight gives you the chance to edit aircraft and sites, there is an unlimited number of flying options available. A multiplay option is available so you can fly and compete with a group of pilots available online which makes flight training game funny. For more aviation infused fun see also: Airplane movies: 5 must watch movies for aviation lovers

Aviation pioneers: Amelia Earhart

The first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean, Amelia Mary Earhart was one of the most renowned aviation pioneers in history. Even though her disappearance remains a mystery, her life and her various accomplishments still inspire people to this day. So let’s take a look together at the amazing life of Amelia Earhart, the American pilot who has manged to inspire numerous pilots and millions of women all around the world. Early years She was born in July 24th, 1897 in Atchison, Kansas. Amelia saw her first airplane in Iowa State Fair in Des Moines; she refused to go into it. The aviation pioneer later described the biplane as not at all interesting. After finishing her high school education she received training as a nurse's aide from the Red Cross and began work with the Voluntary Aid. On December 28th, 1920, Earhart and her father visited an airfield in Long Beach, where she took a plane ride that utterly changed her life. "By the time I had got two or three hundred feet off the ground I knew I had to fly.” She said. Aviation career After that visit, Amelia worked a variety of jobs to save money for flying lessons. She had her first lesson on January 3rd, 1921. She was the 16th woman in the United States to be issued a pilot's license. She received it on May 15th, 1923. She became a member of the American Aeronautical Society's Boston chapter and was eventually elected its vice president. Moreover, she also flew the first official flight out of Dennison Airport in Quincy, Massachusetts in 1927. Around the same time, Earhart also wrote local newspaper columns about flying. Her first flight across the Atlantic was on June 17th, 1928. She flew as the third member of a crew. Amelia was not happy with that flight as she stated later that her job was minimal. Her solo transatlantic flight On May 20th, 1932, Earhart set off from Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, with the intent to fly to Paris in her single engine plane. After a flight that lasted for 14 hours, 56 minutes in which she had to deal with strong northerly winds, icy conditions and mechanical problems, Amelia landed in a field at Culmore, Northern Ireland. When a farmer asked, "Have you flown far?" Earhart replied, "From America". More solo records On January 11th, 1935, Amelia Earhart became the first pilot to fly solo from Honolulu, Hawaii to Oakland, California. Those were not her only records, between the years 1930 and 1935, Amelia Earhart set seven women's speed and distance aviation records in a variety of aircraft including a solo flight from Los Angeles to Mexico City and a nonstop flight from Mexico City to New York. Her last flight During a long flight intending to circle the globe, Amelia Earhart disappeared somewhere over the Pacific in July 1937. Her disappearance remains one of the greatest mysteries in the world as her plane was never found. Amelia Earhart was officially declared lost at sea. Pioneer and icon During her lifetime, Amelia Earhart was a world-renowned international celebrity. Her persistence, courage and goal-oriented career have sustained her fame in popular culture around the globe. Hundreds of articles and books have been written about her life. In addition to being one of the most renowned aviation pioneers, Earhart is also regarded as a feminist icon. Numerous women started to believe that they can, in fact, excel in what was previously presumed as man jobs thanks to leading pioneers as Amelia Earhart. The Ninty-Nine   Amelia Earhart didn’t stop over that, she worked to promote and provide opportunities for women in aviation.   In 1929, after placing third in the All-Women’s Air Derby, Earhart formed an international organization for the advancement of female piolets called Ninety-Nine, and implemented the first transcontinental air race for women.   She became the first president of the organization of licensed pilots, which still exists today and represents women flyers from 44 countries.     Flight around the world   On June 1, 1937, Amelia Earhart took off from Oakland, California, on an eastbound flight around the world. It was her second attempt to become the first pilot ever to circumnavigate the globe.    She flew a twin-engine Lockheed 10E Electra and was accompanied on the flight by navigator Fred Noonan. They flew to Miami, then down to South America, across the Atlantic to Africa, then east to India and Southeast Asia. The pair reached Lae, New Guinea, on June 29. When they reached Lae, they already had flown 22,000 miles. They had 7,000 more miles to go before reaching Oakland. What happened to Amelia Earhart during her last fly Earhart and Noonan departed Lae for tiny Howland Island—their next refueling stop on July 2. It was the last time Earhart was seen alive. She and Noonan lost radio contact with the U.S. Coast Guard cutter Itasca, anchored off the coast of Howland Island, and disappeared en route. On July 19, 1937, Amelia Earhart and Noonan declared lost in the sea after the president Franklin D. Roosevelt’s authorization searching two weeks for the pair, but they were never found.  Scholars and aviation enthusiasts have proposed many theories about what happened to Amelia Earhart. The official position from the U.S. government is that Earhart and Noonan crashed into the Pacific Ocean, but there are numerous theories regarding their disappearance.   Crash and Sink Theory Earhart’s plane ran out of gas while she searched for Howland Island, and she crashed into the open ocean somewhere in the vicinity of the island. Several expeditions over the past 15 years have attempted to locate the plane’s wreckage on the seafloor near Howland. High-tech sonar and deep-sea robots have failed to yield clues about Electra’s crash site. Other theories about Earhart’s disappearance There are numerous conspiracy theories about Earhart’s disappearance. One theory was that Earhart and Noonan were captured and executed by the Japanese. Another theory claims that the pair served as spies for the Roosevelt administration and assumed new identities upon returning to the United States. To learn more about aviation pioneers see also: The first Arab female pilot: Captain Pilot Lotfia Elnadi Miracle on Hudson River: Flight 1549