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Can you expect a lady to say these words? "Welcome on board. Now, we are flying to…...". Surely that words from a lady will surprise you because we rarely find a woman welcoming you on a flight as a pilot as it is a common concept that it must be a man sitting in the cockpit. For example, only 4-5% of North American pilots are women. In your opinion, what is the reason for this profession's lack of women, and what must be done to increase the number of women in the aviation profession, and what are the requirements for a captain female pilots ? That is what we're going to learn in this article.   There Aren't More Female Pilots Promoting incorrect ideas Rumors say that the aviation profession requires people with special characteristics and distinct physical abilities to engage in it!. It is a mistake, as women are no different from men in flying aircraft. Women are always working hard to prove to the world that they are skilled, fit, and qualified for the job, Claire Booth Luce wrote, “Just because I am a woman, I have to make double efforts to succeed. If I fail, no one says, "She can't succeed" Instead, they will say, "Women do not have all the capabilities necessary to succeed." The lack of examples in role models for female pilots The lack of female role models may be one of the reasons why many girls are not considering becoming pilots. Thus we need more female pilots as role models for women to dare to take the step.   *Role models in the Aviation field:   - Hanadi Al-Hindi She is the first Saudi woman to fly a commercial plane. Hanadi faced many challenges in order to fulfill her dream of working as a captain pilot, as her name was included in the book of the 100 Greatest Women in Aviation. She was also chosen by the Arabian Business magazine among the 30 most strong Saudi women.   - Lotfia El-Nadi She is the first Egyptian pilot to fly a plane. She flew alone in the sky of Cairo in October 1933, when she was only 26 years old. She has been honored for her efforts in the aviation field.   - Maryam Al-Mansouri She is the first female fighter pilot of the United Arab Emirates. She has won many medals for many achievements.   - Touria Chaoui She is the first Moroccan female to obtain an aviation certificate at an early age, as she got an aviation certificate from the Air School, and she was the only woman in college.   - Elly Beinhorn She is the first German female to fly a plane, and one of the world's first group of aircraft pilots, she obtained a pilot's license in 1929, and her first flight to Africa was in 1931, and she achieved records in 5000 flying hours.   - Jessica Cox She is the world's first licensed armless pilot, as she can fly the plane with her feet. She entered the Guinness Book of Records as the first person in the world without arms to get a license to fly.   % of the total number of pilots employed  3 to 6% of the world's largest commercial airline pilots are women. Globally, 5.18% of commercial pilots are women, according to the Air Line Pilots Association International trade union. Indian airlines employ the highest proportion of female pilots at 12.4%   The skills women need to study aviation   - Communication skills  She must have communication skills as she will deal with a lot of people daily.   - Critical thinking You need to be confident and willing to accept responsibility and find the right solution if you encounter a problem.   - Leadership and authority There is no time to hesitate. You have to be a leader and be confident when it comes to making decisions. This is very important if you want to make passengers feel safe during the journey.   - Planning Before the flight, pilots carefully examine the aircraft to avoid any obstacles during the trip and plan meticulously for the trip.   How do I become a female pilot? Because you are a woman, don't let that be the reason to stop you from becoming a pilot. Just like any other studies, both males and females have to take the same steps to become pilots. There are requirements that you need to follow to become a pilot:   You must be medically fit and obtain a medical certificate from the Civil Aviation Authority before you can start flying.   You will have to apply for a student pilot license. The student pilot's license allows a student only to drive the aircraft under the command of a trained pilot.   You have to fly all the hours required to take the private pilot's license exam.   Once you have your own license, you are ready to travel alone to record the minimum hours required by civil aviation to apply for a commercial pilot license.   How can we increase the number of women in the aviation field? After we learned about why there aren't more female pilots and the skills women need to study aviation, we must know what must be done to increase the number of women in that aviation field.   - Positive action and cultural development It is important to work positively and make it easy for ​​women to be in the aviation industry and to advance along the career ladder up to management positions. Hence there is a need to change the culture and prejudices about women's participation in the aviation field.   - Funding initiatives It is well known that studying aviation is costly, and many students, especially women, end up dropping out. Given the high level of fees paid during training, it is important that women are motivated in their studies and training. Therefore, a lot of scholarships should be offered to women who are interested in a career in the aviation industry.   Read More Become the next one: Famous Arab pilots Women in the cockpit: Famous female pilots in history

هل تتوقع أن تسمع هذه العبارة من سيدة؟ " مرحبًا بكم على متن الطائرة. نحن الآن نطير إلى …. ". من المؤكد أن تستغرب تلك العبارة الصادرة من سيدة وذلك لأنه نادرًا ما نجد امرأة ترحب بك على متن طائرة ككابتن طيار؟  حيث إنها قاعدة عامة أنه يجب أن يكون رجلًا يجلس في قمرة القيادة. فمثلاً نجد أنه فقط 4-5 ٪ من الطيارين في أمريكا الشمالية من النساء  أقل بكثير من الطبيبات والجراحات والمحاميات. في اعتقادك، ما سبب نقص النساء في هذه المهنة وما يجب القيام به ليزداد عدد النساء في مهنة الطيران، وماهي شروط كابتن طيار للنساء ؟ هذا ما سنعرفه من خلال هذا المقال.    سبب قلة تواجد النساء في مهنة الطيران - الترويج لأفكار غير صحيحة وهي أن مهنة الطيران تتطلب أشخاصاً ذوي مواصفات خاصة وقدرات بدنية متميزة كي ينخرطوا فيه. وهذا خطأ لأن المرأة لا تختلف قدرة عن الرجل في قيادة الطائرات.   دائمًا نجد أن النساء تعملن بجد لتثبت للعالم أنها قادرة ومؤهلة للوظيفة، فلقد كتبت كلير بوث لوس، «فقط لأنني امرأة، عليّ أن أبذل جهوداً مضاعفةً لتحقيق النجاح. في حال فشلتُ، لا أحد يقول، "ليس لديها الإمكانات اللازمة للنجاح". بل سيبادرون إلى القول، "ليس لدى النساء كافة الإمكانات اللازمة للنجاح"».   - النماذج القليلة لدور المرأة في مجال الطيران قد يكون الافتقار إلى القدوة النسائية أحد الأسباب التي تجعل العديد من الفتيات لا يفكرن في أن يصبحن طيارات. وبالتالي نحتاج إلى المزيد من كابتن طيار نساء كنماذج يحتذى بها النساء حتى يجرؤن على اتخاذ هذه الخطوة.  فعلى الرغم من وجود نساء طيارين قبل 50 عامًا ، لم يكن من السهل العثور على قصصهم الملهمة للتحفيز على اختيار مهنة طيران.   *ومن ضمن النماذج المشرفة من النساء في مجال الطيران:   - هنادي الهندي هي أول امرأة سعودية تقود طائرة تجارية ، وقد واجهت هنادي العديد من التحديات في سبيل تحقيق حلمها بالعمل ككابتن طيار، حيث أُدرج اسمها ضمن كتاب أعظم 100 امرأة في مجال الطيران، كما اختارتها مجلة "اربيان بيزنيس" ضمن أقوى  30 امرأة سعودية.   - لطفية النادي  هي أول كابتن طيار مصرية قادت طائرة حربية ، وقد حلقت منفردة في سماء القاهرة في أكتوبر عام 1933 وهي لم تتجاوز الـ26  من عمرها. وقد تم تكريمها لجهودها في مجال الطيران .   - مريم المنصوري  هي أول امرأة تقود طائرة حربية في دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة . وقد حصلت على العديد من الميداليات للعديد من الإنجازات.   - ثريا الشناوي  هي أول امرأة عربية مغربية تحصل على شهادة الطيران في سن مبكر ،حيث حصلت على شهادة الطيران من المدرسة الجوية ، وكانت المرأة الوحيدة في الكلية.   -  إيلي باينهورن  أول امرأة ألمانية نقود طائرة ، وهي واحد من المجموعة الأولى في العالم في قيادة الطائرات ، حصلت على رخصة الطيارين في 1929 ، وكانت أولى رحلاتها لأفريقيا عام 1931 ، وقد حققت أرقاما قياسية في 5000 ساعة طيران .   - جيسيكا كوكس   أول امرأة من ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة تقود طائرة بمفردها ، إذ تستطيع قيادة الطائرة بقدميها ، ودخلت بعدها موسوعة جينيس للأرقام القياسية باعتبارها أول إنسان في العالم بدون ذراعين يحصل على رخصة لقيادة الطائرات.   % من إجمالي عدد الطيارين من النساء 3 إلى 6% من عديد طياري أضخم شركات الطيران التجارية في العالم هن من النساء.  وعلى الصعيد العالمي ، تشكل النساء 5.18 ٪ من الطيارين التجاريين ، وفقًا لاتحاد عمال الخطوط الجوية الدولية. توظف الخطوط الجوية الهندية أعلى نسبة من النساء بنسبة 12.4٪.   المهارات التي تحتاج إليها النساء لدراسة الطيران؟ - مهارات التواصل:  سوف يتم التعامل مع الكثير من العملاء يوميًا، وبالتالي فإنه من المهم جدًا أن تكون مهاراتك ممتازة في التواصل اللفظي وكذلك التواصل عن طريق الكتابة مع مهارة الاستماع أيضا.   - التفكير النقدي: عليك أن تكون حاسم وقادر على التعرف على المشكلة وإيجاد الحل المناسب لها.   - القيادة: لا يوجد وقت للتردد. يجب أن تكون قائداًو واثقا من القرارات التي  تريد إتخاذها. هذا مهم للغاية إذا كنت تريد أن تجعل الركاب يشعرون بالأمان أثناء الرحلة.   - التخطيط: قبل الرحلة، يقوم الطيارين بفحص الطائرة بعناية. تجنباً لحدوث أي عقبات أثناء الرحلة مع التخطيط الدقيق للرحلة.   شروط كابتن طيار للنساء لأنك امرأة ، لا تدعِ هذا هو السبب في منعك من أن تصبحي كابتن طيار. ومثل أي دراسات أخرى ، يجب على كل من الذكور والإناث اتخاذ نفس الخطوات ليصبحوا طيارين. هناك متطلبات للطيارين عليك اتباعها:   يجب أن تكون لائقًا طبيًا وأن تحصل على شهادة طبية من هيئة الطيران المدني قبل أن تتمكن من بدء الطيران. بعد إكمال تعليمك  للحصول على رخصة طيار خاصة ، يمكنك التقدم بطلب للحصول على رخصة طيار طالب. وتسمح رخصة طيار الطالب بقيادة الطائرة تحت إشراف طيار مدرب. عليك أن تطير كل الساعات المطلوبة لإجراء امتحان رخصة طيار خاص. بمجرد حصولك على رخصتك الخاصة ، فأنت على استعداد للسفر بمفردك لتسجيل الحد الأدنى من الساعات التي يتطلبها الطيران المدني لتطبيق رخصة طيار تجاري.   ما يجب القيام به ليزداد عدد النساء في مهنة الطيران بعد ما تعرفنا على أسباب قلة تواجد النساء في مهنة الطيران، و شروط كابتن طيار للنساء ، علينا معرفة ما يجب القيام به حتى يزداد عدد النساء في تلك المهنة. العمل بإيجابية والتطور الثقافي  من المهم أن يتم العمل بشكل إيجابي والتأقلم على فكرة وجود المرأة في صناعة الطيران والتقدم في السلم الوظيفي إلى مناصب الإدارة العليا. وبالتالي هناك حاجة إلى تغيير الثقافة والأحكام المسبقة  بشأن مشاركة المرأة في مهنة الطيران.   مبادرات التمويل من المتعارف عليه أن دراسة الطيران تتطلب تكاليف كثيرة ، مما ينتهي الأمر بالعديد من الطلاب وخاصة النساء إلى التوقف عن الدراسة  . وبالنظر إلى مستوى الرسوم المرتفعة التي تُدفع أثناء التدريب ، فمن المهم أن يتم تحفيز النساء في دراستهن وتدريبهن. لذلك ، ينبغي تقديم الكثير من المنح الدراسية للنساء المهتمات بالحصول على مهنة في صناعة الطيران.   اقرأ أيضًا: انضم اليهم: أشهر الطيارين العرب نساء في قمرة القيادة: أشهر النساء في عالم الطيران

If you managed to get to the interview stage, then half the work is already done. You have already impressed the recruiter with your qualifications, now all you need to do is confirm that you are indeed the right person for the job. Airlines pilot interviews usually consist of two parts, competency assessment, and technical evaluation. The technical part of the interview is self-explanatory, you can be asked a range of topics across theoretical ATPL that range from flight performance to meteorology.   The second part is the part that most people often suffer from, as it is the competency-based interview. Part of this suffering is due to the lack of understanding of why this part of the interview is done.  Many pilot interviews are now being used as a "pointing box" exercise. This basically means that the evaluator has a number of squares to determine if you have proven to possess the required competencies - if you check all the squares you get the job and if you fail to show that you have the required qualities, the evaluator will not be able to apply you for that job. Your task is to make sure that each box is marked.   So what are recruiters looking for? The aviation industry has developed significantly over the past few decades, as has the role of pilots. Admittedly, pilots can take the ILS approach, rather than focusing heavily on the soft skills of the flight crew. On a daily basis, pilots are required to manage many situations that may be affected by a wide range of factors ranging from technical issues, air traffic control, language barriers, weather, passengers, other crew members. All this, of course, during the operation and management of a very complex aircraft that costs millions of pounds with the possibility of hundreds of people on board. When managing such situations, you are expected to do this in a commercially rapid manner, which means that you put the interest of the customers and the company first. 9 Things You Need To Prepare For Your Pilot Interviews 1) Your logbook Your logbook is one of the most important snapshots of your career that you have to submit to the interview team. Make sure it's organized and updated. Also, consider selecting check tours and other important events with tabs. The ease of reviewing your record allows the interviewer to know that you are ready and prepared for work.   2) Add your flight times up Make sure to add flight times to your logbook, and if not, make sure you have a good, easy-to-understand reason for column mismatch in your logbook. This will make it easier to understand your hubs, as well as it will help your interviewer to validate the hours in your record, not padded.   3) Your previous employers Most companies do a background check for you, and this may include former employers. Make sure you have a clear record of your previous jobs, as well as contact information for each.   4) The ATP written Most companies have a written ATP exam. The good news here is that you know exactly what you're studying for - just get a copy of a written study guide from ATP and Dig.   5) Any training failures? It is usually not the end of the world if you have one. Just make sure that it was clear what the choice was, and what happened. And be ready to talk about what you've learned from your mistake.   6) Put a good reference Most employers require a personal reference. Make sure you have a good one, and that you have requested permission to include it for reference before typing the name and number. Nobody likes a sudden phone call!   7) General pilot knowledge Almost any pilot interviews will include questions about being a pilot and the type of plane you fly. Make sure you have a solid understanding of the weather, the regulations, and the plane you are currently flying in.   8) Tell me about a time when… Your interviewer will ask you about what will you do through some situations such as: You had a dispute with another pilot during the flight. You made a mistake in a plane. You broke the rules.   Just make sure you are ready with some stories that you can talk about. The interviewer is looking for good judgment, as well as your ability to deal with stressful situations. Remember to always end your story with what you've learned.   9) Jeppesen charts You may not use it now, but you will use it in your airline. Make sure you know the exact details of Jeppesen charts and symbols. It's similar to NOS charts, but there are some differences that can cause disconnects in an interview. Exercise and fly through any questions on the chart that your interviewer can ask you. Top 15 attributes that you need to demonstrate They are looking for you to prove that you have all the non-technical skills (interpersonal/soft skills) required to succeed in the role, regardless of how long you've been a pilot. Here are some of the skills needed to succeed in pilots interviews: Problem Solving Situational Awareness Team Work Leadership Prioritization Delegation Communication Planning Flexibility Reliability Empathy Business Orientated Customer Minded Adverse to risk Motivated / Passionate   The way the evaluator will usually try to get you to demonstrate that you have the aforementioned competencies is through example-based questions such as "Give an example of when you offered the initiative?". You have to make sure that you are ready for pilot interviews by being prepared with examples of the pre-mentioned questions.   Of course, the more flight experience you have, the more aviation-based examples you can provide. However, if that’s not the case remember that the most important thing is to demonstrate proficiency. Also Read: Captain pilot: A glimpse into the life of pilots How much does it cost to become a pilot? The best job in the world: Pilot salaries

Retired old airplanes, what happens to them?

Airplanes are extremely expensive, airlines spend millions and millions to get the latest models, and millions more to operate them. But what happens when the old airplanes get too old to fly, and the lifespan of airplanes is much shorter than you think. The average airplane can fly for around 25 years; some can fly for 30 years but never more than that. So what happens to old airplanes when they reach that age? Are they still any use? Let’s take a look at the industry that starts when old airplanes are retired. What makes an airplane age? An airplane’s age is usually measured by pressurization cycles. An airplane is pressurized every time it takes flight, inflicting stress on fuselage and wings. That is why, contrary to popular belief, short-haul airplanes age faster than long haul airplanes. There are maintenance programs designed by airplane manufacturers that determine if some of the airplane’s components have become weary by pressurization. These parts should then be replaced. If the whole airplane has become over-fatigued it should be retired. When do airplanes actually retire? Of course, no one waits for an airline to become over-fatigued! Many airplanes do not even reach old age. Even though the lifespan of an airplane is around 25 years as stated earlier, most airplanes are dismantled when they reach 18 years old. The decision to disassemble an aircraft and sell the parts usually depends on whether the value of its parts and components is higher than that of the airplane as an aircraft. In the middle of its expected lifespan, most airlines reevaluate the plane. How much does it cost to run the airplane? Are there newer more fuel-efficient models that can fly at a cheaper cost? How much is this plane worth now? Is the sum of its parts larger than the value of it as a plane? If the cost of running the plane is high but it is still valuable as an aircraft it is usually sold to other smaller airlines. If the value of the parts and components is higher than the whole the plane is replaced, retired, and dismantled. What happens when they retire? When an airplane is no longer operational it oftentimes takes the last flight to a storage airport. These facilities are huge open-air parking lots which are available in several places around the world. But most of them are located in the southwestern United States, to take advantage of the land availability, and also because the dry climate in these states slows down rusting. Once an airplane arrives at a storage airport, it is meticulously washed to wash off any salt that may cause corrosion to the exterior. After that, fuel tanks are drained and flushed with lubricant. Tires are then covered in Mylar to prevent the sun from deteriorating the rubber. And the topcoat is painted in white to deflect the scorching sun rays. Now the airplane is ready to be stored. But what is it stored for? On average, every plane includes more than 350,000 individual components, such as engines, fuselage parts, and electronics. And even though the plane itself is out of service, many of these parts can be used as spare parts for other aircraft. It is often better to replace a malfunctioning part in an airplane than to fix it. This process takes a while and when there is nothing of value left, the remains of the airplane are melted for scrap metal. Aircraft recycling models The aircraft can also be generally recycled and turned over for several things. There are already several models for recycling old aircraft, such as the one conducted in New York in 2006 by the Studio LOT-EK, which used almost 200 Boeing 727 and 737 aircraft structures in building the Gilesco Library in Mexico. The structures were placed on top of each other as floors and this design has won several prizes and is now in progress. There is also a restaurant in the Turkish city of Belksiri that is designed as an Airbus-style restaurant and has used the Turkish Airlines aircraft structure after it left the service. It is aptly named the Airbus restaurant. A Swedish businessman turned a Boeing 747 into a hotel in a parking lot go-ahead to Arlanda Airport in Stockholm, Sweden. The hotel has 25 rooms, and one suite in the cockpit. The strangest case of aircraft recycling and conversion was the work of a teacher called Gary Chapeidz, who bought a Soviet-era plane from Georgian Airlines, transported it to Rustavi, and turned it into a kindergarten through internal renovation, adding some educational equipment and toys. The cockpit is left as it is, and can be used as a play tool for the nearly 1,500 buttons that children can play with. For more about airplanes see also: Aircraft Construction: How are airplanes made? History of aviation: Who invented the airplane

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Pilots are the heroes of the aviation world, every passenger onboard trusts the pilot to get them to their destination safe and sound. Maybe the passengers of flight 1549 were not so lucky as to get to their destination, but they were definitely lucky to have a hero of a pilot that landed with them safe and sound. Described as "the most successful ditching in aviation history” by a National Transportation Safety Board official, the flight came to be known as the "Miracle on the Hudson”. There is even a wonderful movie about the story of this flight ‘Sully: Miracle on the Hudson”. The movie tells the story of US Airways Flight 1549 and the brilliant captain who managed to save every life on board. Let’s take a closer look at flight 1549 to understand what happened. The flight: CACTUS flight 1549 On January 15th, 2009, US Airways Flight 1549 was scheduled to fly from LaGuardia Airport (LGA), New York City to Charlotte Douglas Airport (CLT), North Carolina. The aircraft used for the flight was an Airbus A320-214, powered by two turbofan engines. The duration of the flight was supposed to be around two hours. There were 150 passengers on board. Plus, five crew members including pilot Chesley “Sully” Sullenberger, an experienced pilot with nearly 20,000 flying hours, and co-pilot Jeff Skiles, a first officer who had only recently completed his training on the Airbus A320 at the time. The accident: bird strike The flight was cleared for takeoff from LaGuardia's Runway 4 at 3:24:56 pm. The crew made the first report to air traffic control at 3:25:51 after becoming airborne. They reported being at 700 feet and climbing, Skiles was in control. At 3:27:11 the plane struck a flock of Canada geese at an altitude of 2,818 feet, about 7.2 km northwest of LaGuardia. The pilots' view was instantly filled with large birds. The birds, which were traveling at about 50 miles per hour, were sucked into both of the plane’s engines. Both engines flamed out and failed immediately. Passengers and crew reported hearing very loud crashes and seeing flames from the engines, followed by silence and an odor of fuel. The search for a runway: trial and error When both engines shut down, Sullenberger took control while Skiles worked the checklist for engine restart. The aircraft slowed but continued to climb for a further nineteen seconds, reaching an altitude of 3,060 feet at an airspeed of about 185 knots, before starting to descent, accelerating to 210 knots. At 3:27:33, Sullenberger radioed a Mayday call to air traffic control: "... this is Cactus 1539, hit birds. We've lost thrust on both engines. We're turning back towards LaGuardia" Air traffic controller Patrick Harten told LaGuardia's tower to hold all departures and clear runways and directed Sullenberger back to Runway 13. Sullenberger responded, "Unable”. Sullenberger then asked controllers for landing options in New Jersey, specifically Teterboro Airport. Permission was given for Teterboro's Runway 1. However, Sullenberger had decided that this was not a viable option. He responded: "We can't do it ... We're gonna be in the Hudson". Sullenberger commanded over the cabin address system, "Brace for impact”. In the meantime, air traffic controllers asked the Coast Guard to caution vessels in the Hudson and ask them to prepare to assist with the rescue. The miracle: safe ditch Sullenberger begins his glide towards the Hudson. The only major vertical obstacle in the way was the George Washington Bridge, which he clears with almost 900 feet to spare. At 3:31 pm, the plane made an unpowered ditching, descending southwards at about 125 knots into the middle of the North River section of the Hudson. Flight attendants compared the miraculous ditching to a "hard landing" with "one impact and no bounce”. The Evacuation: everyone counts Sullenberger gives the evacuate command and the crew begins to evacuate all passengers onto the plane’s wings through the four mid-cabin emergency exits as the plane slowly begins to take on water. The first rescue vessel takes only four minutes to reach the plane and begin offloading passengers. Captain Pilot Sullenberger walks the entire length of the flooded aircraft twice to check that no passengers remain inside before exiting the plane. The aftermath: Was all that really necessary? An argument arose after the accident that ditching the aircraft might have been uncalled for, and that landing it was an option. The Airbus Training Centre Europe in Toulouse performed simulations that showed the probability of making it back to LaGuardia Airport had Flight 1549 started the maneuver back to the airport promptly after the bird strike. Nevertheless, such simulations did not take into consideration the needed time for the pilots to understand and evaluate the situation before taking action. This option also risked the plausibility of crashing within a populous area. To learn more about ditching stories see also: 5 Times when emergency landing saved everyone on board