In 2017, Passengers on flights bound for the US and UK from several countries in the Middle East was no longer allowed to bring devices larger than a smartphone into the cabin. The travel world hassled till earlier this year when the US government has banned lithium-ion batteries from checked bags as it may cause explosions. On the other hand, the majority of people who travel with different electronic devices get confused and frustrated about what to take in a carry-on bag and what to leave in the checked luggage. Whether you are a frequent flyer or a first-time traveler, knowing all about organizing your electronics on a plane is a must for a much more convenient flight. Follow this article for full guidance of traveling abroad with electronics, from packing to security check, on-plane devices' using tips and much more! Packing Electronics in a Carry-On Bag It's no big deal with phones or tablets; the big issue is bringing large electronics such as laptops, E-readers, cameras, Bluetooth speakers, portable batteries, or other large Li-ion electronics on the flight. The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) suggests that large electronic devices "should be kept in carry-on baggage. But if someone ignores the ban and packs these electronics in checked baggage, then these electronics should be turned completely off, protected from accidental activation and packed, so they are protected from damage. '' Lithium metal and lithium-ion batteries are prohibited in checked baggage so they must be placed in the carry-on. Security and TSA Checkpoint At the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) checkpoint, you will have to remove items like liquids and electronics that are larger than a cell phone from your luggage and place them in separate bins before going through security. Therefore, your bag should be neatly organized if you want to avoid that entire headache. Always pack your clothes toward the bottom and your electronics toward the top with making sure it will not get any harm if the baggage was accidentally hit the ground. NOTE: In this phase, you will have to remove your shoes, items from pockets, jewelry, and large jackets. People who are over age 75 are exempt from taking shoes and jackets off. So here's a tip, before going for the checkpoint, wear shoes that require minimal effort to take off and put back on. Also, wear shoes and clothes without metal and remove body piercings. Airport Security Screening If you take a laptop through airport security in several countries, you will need to take it out of its case and place it by itself in a plastic bin for X-ray screening. To avoid the hassle at this point, consider buying a TSA-friendly laptop case. This case allows security screeners to examine your laptop easily, but you cannot put anything else in that case. As you approach the screening checkpoint, slide your laptop along the X-ray scanner, repack it after being scanned, and do this before putting on your shoes and gathering your possessions as it might be exposed to theft. So as you pass through the security checkpoint, keep your eyes open and be aware of the people around you. Medical Electronics Of course patients are allowed to bring medical electronic devices on flights like pacemakers, neurostimulators and insulin pumps. But you must carry proof that this medical electronic device is necessary for the form of a notification card. Since most airlines cannot provide an electric source to plug in, consider having a battery-operated portable version. If your airline company provide, you’ll need a DC adaptor; check the airlines’ website for the specific regulations for medical devices your airline has and take your time going through security. Install the 'MiFlight' app on your phone to tell you the average line wait time in any airport around the world, and consider budgeting more time than the average passenger. Electronic cigarettes and vape You can take your vape device or e-cigarettes on a plane but only in your carry-on bag, as you are not allowed to pack it in the checked bag because of the batteries as we mentioned before. This goes for all vape pens, e-cigarettes, and similar devices. Of course, there is no smoking while onboard the plane! You’re not allowed to use it or charge it. You may also need to disconnect the battery to eliminate any chance of being turned on by accident. Always check the airline’s website to understand its rules about flying with a vaping device. Keep in mind that the airline could have more strict rules than the airport security administration. NOTE: As for vaping liquid, you must follow normal security rules regarding liquids. To clarify, you can bring vaping liquid in your carry-on bag as long as the container is 100ml or smaller and fits in your 1-quart clear zip-top liquids bag. Larger amounts must be packed in the checked luggage. ELECTRONICS PACKING AND USING TIPS Finally, here are some additional tips you should take note of about your electronics on a plane trip:         Use an electronics organizer for your cables, cords, USB, adapter, power bank, phones, Android and apple chargers, etc. It will protect and keep everything clean all in one place, making it very easy to carry.         Never connect to any free public wifi network that is not officially recommended for use by the airport. Hackers can easily get your information as it goes from your laptop or phone to the router when you log in. Moreover, they can make you out of access to your accounts for the next few hours while they have the keys to all of your secret data. So if you have to, DO NOT BANK OR SHOP ONLINE IF YOU ARE USING A FREE WIFI.         Put your device on airplane mode as electronics might interfere with the communication on the airplane during takeoff causing a crash. There is also a plus benefit, you will save phone power and your battery will last much longer if you turn your device’s airplane mode on. And last but not least, if you're traveling to a country where theft crimes are common, leave expensive electronics home if possible and find some cheap devices to take or you can use internet cafés there.

There is no doubt that the potential of solar flights and solar powered airplanes has gained momentum with the completion of Solar Impulse 1 and 2, the outcomes of the eponymous solar airplane project. However, the usage of solar flights is not a too-recent trend in aviation.    Sure, the ongoing modern global direction towards renewable and clean energy has helped accelerated its progress, but the fact of the matter is that the first successful solar powered flight to ever take place happened more than 4 decades ago.   And we say successful because reports of early attempts to fly aircraft using electricity date back to the 19th century.   Here, we demonstrate the history of solar aircraft from the date of the earliest known successful solar flight till today, as well as the foreseen future of this field. Mauro Solar Riser Although Mauro Solar Riser was the first manned airplane to do a solar flight, it is not the first solar powered airplane to fly in history. On 4 November 1974, AstroFlight Sunrise took off unmanned from Bicycle Lake in California state.    The earliest prototype of AstroFlight successfully completed 27 flights. Four years later, on April 29, 1979, Mauro Solar Riser, manned by its eponymous designer Larry Mauro, took off from Flabob Airport in Riverside, California to become the first manned solar aircraft to ever fly.  How did Mauro Solar Riser work?  The aircraft was powered by a 3.5 hp Bosch motor connected to a 30V nickel-cadmium battery pack which was in turn charged by photovoltaic solar panel array installed on its top wing to provide 350 Watts.    Manufactured by Ultralight Flying Machines, Solar Riser was capable of flying for 3 to 5 minutes after having its cells charged for 1.5 hours; the aircraft’s speed could reach up to 32 kilometers per hour. Solar One: Even though the first Solar One aircraft was produced in December 1978, four months before the take-off of Mauro Solar Riser, it did not take off before June 1979.   With the total production cost of 16,000 euros, the most expensive component of Solar One was its 750-solar cell array whose value alone mounted up to 6,000 euros.   Piloted by Ken Stewart, Solar One took off in its first successful attempt on 13 June 1979 where it flew at 65 kilometers per hour for around 1.2 kilometers.    The second flight for Solar One took place on the same day, where it was manned by Bill Maidment who flew it at its maximum speed, 78 kilometers per hour. How did Solar One work? Solar One had four Bosch motors installed - each with a power of 1 hp, which were wired to a 24-cell battery pack charged by the aforementioned solar cell array. Solair 1: A made-in-Germany solar aircraft, Solair 1 utilized 2,499 solar cells with a capacity that ranges between 2.4hp and 3.0hp. The first trip of the first prototype of Solair took place on 21 August 1983, and it lasted for 5 hours and 40 minutes.    The prototype is now displayed in the German Museum in Munich. ERAST: Over the 90s, NASA has launched many lesser-known solar empowered aviation ventures and projects as a part of its Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology program (ERAST).    With the aim of developing low-cost unmanned electric airplanes to take out science missions like communication support and atmospheric studies at altitudes of more than 60,000 feet, ERAST produced several solar-empowered aircraft.   The first outcome of the program, Pathfinder, has set a record for an altitude of solar-empowered airplanes in 1995 by flying at 50,000 feet for 12 hours. Two years later, Pathfinder broke its own record by flying at 71,530 feet. In 1998, Pathfinder Plus broke the record of its predecessor by achieving an altitude of 80,000 feet.   Helios, the last model developed by ERAST two years before its termination in 2003, traversed the sky at an altitude of 96,963 feet.   Solar Impulse - the Present and Future: In the recent rise of and need for clean energy, the Swiss project known as Solar Impulse was launched in 2003 by Swiss engineer André Borschberg and balloonist Bertrand Piccard; the program’s objective was to develop single-seated fixed-wing solar powered airplanes that have the ability to circumnavigate the globe.   Test Flights: Solar Impulse 1, the first prototype of the project, completed its first test flight in December 2009 covering a distance of 350 meters about 1 meter above the ground. The flight’s goal was to test the aircraft’s specifications.   The real test for Solar Impulse 1 came around four months later, on April 2010, when Marcus Scherdel piloted it for 87 minutes at an altitude of 1,200 feet.    In the following months, the prototype succeeded in making the first trip in which it charged its batteries within the flight (May 2010) as well as completing its first overnight trip which lasted for 26 straight hours at an altitude of 8,600 meters, setting the record back then as both the longest and highest manned solar powered flight to be made.   First International Flight: Almost one year later, on 13 May 2011, Solar Impulse 1 took off from Switzerland towards Brussels, the capital city of Belgium, in its first international flight.   The trip spanned 13 hours where the airplane traversed a distance of 630 kilometers with an average speed of 50 kilometers per hour and an average altitude of 1,800 meters.   Madrid - Rabat: The first intercontinental flight for Solar Impulse 1 took place on June 2012 when the solar powered airplane flew from Madrid, Spain to Rabat, Morocco in a 19-hour flight. Specifications of Solar Impulse 1: Solar Impulse 1 utilized 4 electric motors powered by 4 Lithium-Ion batteries, each with a capacity of 7.5 kilowatts; the batteries were charged by 11,600 solar cells installed on the aircraft’s upper wing.   The airplane’s speed could reach up to 70 kilometers per hour, with an endurance of 36 hours and a maximum altitude of 12,000 meters.   Solar Impulse 2: In 2011, the Solar Impulse program began working on building its second eponymous aircraft and completed it in three years.    Solar Impulse 2 featured many advanced technologies and specifications that were not in its predecessors like an autopilot system and an oxygen mask, enabling the airplane to fly at an altitude that can reach up to 12,000 feet.   As for performance specifications, Solar Impulse 2 was considered a significant leap forward for solar powered airplanes. The aircraft has a maximum speed of 140 kilometers per hour, almost double that of Solar Impulse 1.   This was made possible by the aircraft’s upgraded power plant which comprised four electric motors connected to four lithium-ion batteries charged by 17,248 solar cells installed on its 72 meters long wing. Test Flights: Solar Impulse 2’s first take-off occurred in 2014, where it reached an altitude of 1,700 meters and traveled at an average ground speed of 56 kilometers per hour.    In October of the same year, Solar Impulse 2 completed both its first night flight and its first flight at maximum altitude.   World Circumnavigation: Between the years 2015 and 2016, Solar Impulse 2 headlined the global aviation industry news when it embarked on a round-the-world circumnavigation which started on 9 March 2015 and concluded on 23 July 2016.    Over the course of  490 days, the solar powered Solar Impulse 2 traveled an accumulated distance of 43,000 kilometers in a total flight time of 550 hours (22 days and 22 hours) during which it produced 11,000-kilowatt hours.   In the tour, Solar Impulse 2 traveled across 18 cities located in Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America and over two oceans (the Pacific and the Atlantic) and three seas (the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, and the Arabian Sea).   Sure enough, Solar Impulse’s circumnavigation has broken 19 records, including the Longest Solo Flight in an Airplane which was set by the aircraft’s flight from Japan to Hawaii, piloted by André Borschberg. Future of Solar Impulse: In 2016, the program announced its plans to develop a third Solar Impulse airplane that would be able to accomplish some of the tasks usually done by satellites. It is still unclear when we should expect to see the new prototype.   Advantages of Solar Powered Airplanes: 1- Environment-friendly:  Clearly, the biggest advantage of solar powered flights, and the factual main purpose of developing them is that they depend on a clean form of energy that causes zero harm to the environment.   2- Free Energy Source: Solar energy is a clean, free, and renewable source of energy, which gives it a grand advantage over fossil fuel. Disadvantages of Solar Powered Airplanes: 1- Weather Dependency: Though this is true for all types of aircraft, weather changes impact traditional flights to a less extent than it does solar powered flights.    While the weather can delay the schedule of traditional aircraft or make flying it a more difficult task, solar powered aircraft will not be able to fly except in specific weather conditions - especially in long-distance flights as it would need to recharge while it is up in the air. 2- Expensive Equipment: While the energy source in itself is essentially free, the equipment and technologies required to harness and utilize solar energy are extremely expensive considering the scale on which it would need to be used to fly single-rider aircraft, let alone the commercial-use airplanes.   Conclusion: The shift towards renewable energy sources generally, and in the aviation industry specifically, is indeed a positive step towards preserving the environment and decelerating climate change. However, solar powered airplanes have a very long way to go before they can act as a complete alternative for fossil fuels.   That being said, solar aircraft in its current and predicted future forms, can still be useful in fields like atmospheric research and communications. We can always use less consumed fossil fuels.

Aviation is a dream and a passion. If you have a dream you probably are passionate about everything aviation-related. And if you love reading, you will definitely appreciate good aviation books. Many books take place in the aviation world, some in the form of biographies of famous pilots, some in the form of stories about aviation and aviators, whether true or fictional. To accommodate the avid readers among aviation lovers, we have read a lot of books to choose the best of the best. So here is our list of the best aviation books for aviation lovers. Flight of Passage: A True Story By Rinker Buck 15 and 17-year-old brothers take the journey of a lifetime. Born in an aviation family, the two brothers buy and restore an old aircraft. Then they take a journey across America with no formal pilot training or a working radio. The two brothers grow through this journey, they learn to cooperate and lean on each other to make their dream flight work. This true story is an adventure that takes you through the skies and makes you dream of endless possibilities. Written by one of the brothers, who is an amazing storyteller, this book is certainly one of the best aviation novels. I Could Never Be So Lucky Again By James Doolittle and  Carroll V. Glines This book is the autobiography of James "Jimmy" Doolittle, a military pilot, a stunt pilot and a scientist who pioneered the development of modern aviation technology. With a Ph.D. from MIT, Doolittle made a difference in civilian and military aeronautics. This book is full of life, aviation and inspiration. If you want a book that will make you fly through the aviation world, this is the one for you. The Spirit of St. Louis By Charles A. Lindbergh This Pulitzer Prize-winning book tells the story of a nonstop transatlantic flight from New York to Paris in 1927. This 33-hour flight has been completed by one single pilot, manning a single-engine aircraft, with no navigation aid except two compasses. That is why it is considered a very important trip to aviation history. The book itself is very well written, you will definitely feel like you are right there with Lindberg in the cockpit. Jet Age: The Comet, the 707, and the Race to Shrink the World By Sam Howe Verhovek Jet Age demonstrates the amazing race between brilliant engineers to create the first commercial jet airplane. The book weaves an exquisite tale of determination, drama and ambition, all with a fast pace befitting the jet age. It is a book that will make you fly between the pages. The marvelous action takes place in the year 1954 when Britain and the USA were competing for the first Jet airplane. Why did Britain’s Comet keep crashing? Was the Comet’s failure what gave the Boeing 707 the head start it needed? This interesting story is certainly one of the best aviation books. Stick and Rudder: An Explanation of the Art of Flying By Wolfgang Langewiesche This bestseller has been a favorite among aviation lovers for decades now, and for good reason. This book may seem old to you, but as it mainly talks about flying dynamics, it is still as relevant today as when it was first written. The book explains flying concepts in a simple and entertaining way. It is definitely the best place to start your aviation journey.  The Wright Brothers David McCullough Behind the scenes, this book tells us the real struggle and the real story of the brothers who made flying as we know it possible, Wilbur and Orville Wright. The first heavier than air flight carrying a pilot took place in 1903, who were the men behind this flight? And what is their story? Two-time Pulitzer Prize-winner David McCullough tells us this fascinating and inspirational tale of a lifelong dream that changed the world. For more interesting tales about aviation see also: 5 Times when emergency landing saved everyone on board

The most impressive airport runways around the world

The International Civil Aviation Organization defines a runway as a rectangular area of land specifically prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft. Some airport runways are man-made surfaces, often made of asphalt, concrete, or a mixture of both, and some are natural surfaces such as dirt, gravel or ice. Most runways look like a highway, just an industrial looking road leading to the airport. But some are treated as an entryway to the country. Whether by choice or chance these runways are spectacularly impressive. Let’s check the most impressive airport runways around the world. Marseille Provence Airport, France Offering a stunning landing and an even more stunning take-off, the runway in Marseille airport south of France sticks right out into the water of Etang de Berre. You can take off and land amidst the azure blue water of this 155 square kilometer lagoon, which gives you a wonderful view from the plane. In addition to that, it is the fifth busiest airport in France by passenger traffic and the third largest for cargo traffic. Not just a stunning view but also a hip and happening airport. Cristoforo Colombo Airport, Italy Named after the Genoese navigator and explorer Christopher Columbus, this airport features one of the most impressive runways in the world. Genoa Airport is an international airport built on an artificial peninsula. The runway is built on reclaimed land over the Mediterranean. It offers spectacular sea views for passengers while landing and taking off. Landing is the most impressive though as the descent from the mountains behind the city adds a surreal touch. Barra Airport, Scotland The only airport in the world where scheduled flights use a beach as the runway, Barra Airport, which lies at the northern tip of the island of Barra in Scotland, opened in 1936. Three runways are set in a triangle at the beach, marked by wooden poles at their ends. Flight times often change with the tide as these runways are usually submerged under the sea at high tides. Agatti Airport, India Agatti Airport is located on the southern end of Agatti Island in India, the takeoff and landing offer an unparalleled view which no passenger will ever forget. This airport features one asphalt runway, 1204 meters long and 30 meters wide constructed over the sea. Cristiano Ronaldo Airport, Portugal Madeira International Airport, or Cristiano Ronaldo airport, is an international airport in the Portuguese archipelago of Madeira. It is one of the most dangerous airports in Europe, only expert pilots can navigate the runway set between rocky hills and ocean. The runway has been extended 655 feet in 2003. The new extension is a spectacular bridge supported by 180 columns, each 230 feet tall, overlooking the ocean. It looks impressive from all angles! The airport was renamed as Madeira International Airport Cristiano Ronaldo in 2017, in honor of the famous soccer star that was born in Madeira. Juancho E. Yrausquin Airport, Saba The smallest commercial airport in the world, this airport lies on the Caribbean island of Saba, Caribbean Netherlands. The impressive runway is suspended precariously on a tiny shelf of land. On either end of the extremely short 1,299-foot runway is a 60-foot cliff-drop straight into the ocean. Not an easy runway for novice pilots, but a spectacular view for passengers. For more about airports see also: The largest airport in the world: Middle Eastern airports that set records Aviation in the Kingdom: Newest airports in Saudi Arabia

6 Common trainer aircraft used in flight schools

Every flight school around the world tends to use a specific type of trainer aircraft that is in tune with its vision and the way it conducts training. But what is exactly a trainer aircraft and how does it differ from other aircrafts? Also, what are the most famous types of trainer aircraft with flight schools? That is what you’re going to learn while reading this article. A trainer aircraft is a class of aircraft designed specifically to facilitate flight training of pilots and aircrew. It has certain characteristics such as the additional safety features like tandem flight controls and a simplified cockpit arrangement. Those characteristics allow trainers to safely advance their piloting and navigation skills. Commercial pilots are normally trained in a light aircraft, with two or more seats to allow for a student and an instructor. The seats are either side by side for the pilot and instructor, or it's in tandem where the pilot is in front and the instructor behind. So here is the most popular trainer aircraft used in different flight schools around the world: Cessna 172 Also known as "The Cessna Skyhawk", The Skyhawk is the most produced aircraft ever as over 44,000 airframes were built since 1955. It is also the most popular single-engine aircraft ever built. With standout flight characteristics, a sophisticated glass cockpit outfitted with G1000 avionics, slow landing speed, great visibility, and a forgiving stall - the Cessna Skyhawk is a flight training ideally suited for student pilots. The 172 was based on an earlier Cessna design called the 170. Yet, The 172's design was so clean and aerodynamic that Cessna’s marketing department called it the “land-o-matic” because it was so easy to fly and land. Diamond DA40 The Diamond DA40 Star is an Austrian four-seat, single-engine, light aircraft constructed from composite materials and built-in both Austria and Canada by Austrian company Diamond Aircraft Industries. Its safe handling characteristics make it an ideal primary training aircraft and its modern design allow for a cruise speed in excess of 140 knots. The excellent visibility from the cockpit along with the traffic awareness provided by the Garmin G1000 greatly enhances safety, especially when flying in congested airspace. The DA40 was the first to use G1000, which is now the standard in new aircraft. Diamond DA42 The Diamond DA42 Twin is Diamond's first twin-engine design, as well as the first new European twin-engine aircraft in its category to be developed in over 25 years. This propeller-driven airplane with four-seats and two engines allows pilots to have a backup engine in case one of the engines would fail in flight which guarantees a high safety level. The DA42 offers the ultimate in handling, stability, and control, ease of operation and structural, system and propulsion redundancies, all coupled with a high degree of crashworthiness.  Additionally, The DA42 is the first diesel-powered fixed-wing aircraft to perform a non-stop crossing of the North Atlantic. It is equipped with active and passive safety features which help to avoid accidents in the first place and to minimize the probability and degree of injury. Piper PA-28 Cherokee The Piper PA-28 Cherokee is one of the most worldwide well-known low-wing, training airplanes. Piper PA-28 Cherokee is a family of two-seat or four-seat light aircraft built by Piper Aircraft and designed for flight training, air taxi and for personal use. The PA-28 family of aircraft comprises all-metal, unpressurized, single-engine, piston-powered airplanes with low-mounted wings and tricycle landing gear. Piper PA-28 family has a single door on the right side, which is entered by stepping on the wing. Cirrus SR20 The Cirrus SR20 is an American piston-engine, four-or-five-seat aircraft composite monoplane built by Cirrus Aircraft. The SR20 is popular with many flight schools and is operated by private individuals and companies. Produced from 1999, The SR20 was one of the first aircraft to offer "advanced technology" avionics, and this was a whole new effort in-flight instructor training and awareness for students. The SR20 was the first aviation aircraft equipped with a parachute to lower the airplane safely to the ground after a loss of control, structural failure or mid-air collision. Cirrus SR22 Cirrus SR22 is one of the most produced and best selling aircraft of the 21st century. It is a single-engine, four-or-five-seat composite aircraft built from 2001 by Cirrus Aircraft. Cirrus SR22 is a development of the Cirrus SR20, with a larger wing, higher fuel capacity, and a more powerful engine. However, both are equipped with the Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS), which can lower the entire aircraft to the ground relatively gently in an emergency. To learn more about flight training see also: How much does it cost to become a pilot?   References: www.diamondaircraft.com   www.osmaviationacademy.com www.flyingmag.com www.airforce-technology.com calaero.edu www.thissideupaviation.com www.piperflyer.org www.bankofaircraft.com nationalinterest.org www.airforce-technology.com cirrusaircraft.com

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